LaKeesha K. Carpenter
Dr. L. Saye
January 22, 2012
In this policy analysis I talk about education. Educational systems around the world, and specifically in the United States, have long been awaiting for genuine reform efforts. Technology is often perceived as a panacea, if not as a crucial instrument in any educational reform effort. New understandings, as opposed to mere information, is what schools need to reach in order to transform themselves to new and effective reforms and make current policies work throughout the state and country. The data in this report represent national averages. The experiences, trends, and issues in your local community may vary somewhat from the broad picture presented here. We hope this primer will provide you with sufficient background information about public education to encourage your interest in education issues and your involvement in your local schools. | | | | |
Education is needed to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence. Education is needed for humans to make an impact on society, and to make viable decisions and the right moves at the right time. It leads to better jobs and higher income, health and life expectancy, voter turnout, self-worth and dignity. Education trains the mind to think and make the right decisions(2006). Through education knowledge and information is received and spread throughout the world. Uneducated people who cannot read and/or write are closed to all the knowledge and wisdom he/she can gain through books and other mediums. For growth and development education is needed. It helps working people update their knowledge and skill level to become more handy in their field or to gain a promotions. Stakeholders are individuals who stand to gain or lose from the success or failure of a system or an organization(). In education, key stakeholders are pupils, parents, teaching staff, education department staff/professors, school board, social work department, technical services, police, higher education, childcare partnership, sustainable communities department(2004). Key decisions made on state and local level Standards and curriculum: Setting standards for what children should learn in core subjects, Determining specific curriculum content, Choosing textbooks and other curriculum materials,Testing and accountability, Developing and administering tests to measure student progress, Determining whether students must take and/or pass an exit exam to graduate, Determining what constitutes proficient performance or a passing score on state tests, Establishing systems to hold schools and districts accountable for students’ academic progress, Staff hiring, evaluation, and compensation, Establishing requirements for the preparation, licensing, certification, and evaluation of teachers and administrators, Making decisions about staff hiring and teacher collective bargaining, Determining salaries, benefits, and job requirements for teachers, administrators, and other staff, Providing professional development, Structure of schooling, Setting requirements for years and ages of compulsory schooling and attendance, Determining the length of the school year, school day, and school schedules, Determining grade configurations, Determining school attendance zones, Establishing charter school requirements, Setting requirements for class size, Determining student graduation, promotion and retention policies School finance and facilities, Providing the vast majority of funding for public education, Determining education financing systems, budgets, and taxing policies, Supporting construction and renovation of school facilities, Setting rules for use of school facilities.(2010) Major areas of federal involvement in elementary and secondary education requirements tied to participation in federal grant programs, States and...