Policing in American Society

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Policing in American Society
Kathleen Kloos
CJA 214
November 8, 2011
Douglas Edwards

Policing in American Society
The relationship between the U.S. government and all policing organizations throughout the U.S. is necessary because policing organizations cannot function without government support. Government provides support in the form of training, civilian staff, funding, corrections, and judicial support (Grant, 2008). Administrative support from the U.S. government can be seen by looking at the Office of the Coroner, which has the responsibility to investigate violent or suspicious deaths. This office determines cause of death and provides the proof of a homicide, or crime, to the law enforcement agency to pursue criminal charges. U.D. government changed their structure in regards to law enforcement and investigation after the events of September 11, 2001. Many departments and agencies became restructured to answer to either the Department of Homeland Security or the Department of Justice (Grant, 2008. The Department of Homeland Security oversees:

Customs and Border Protection
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
U.S. Coast Guard
U.S. Secret Service
The Department of Justice is in charge of:
Drug Enforcement Administration
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
U.S. Marshals Service
Federal Bureau of Prisons
The relationship between the U.S. government and policing agencies can be described as co-dependent. Neither can exist without the other. Decisions handed down by the U.S. Supreme court dictate future police procedures. Cases such as Mapp v. Ohio, Miranda v. Arizona, and Fuhrman v. Georgia have changed the way police agencies investigate and charge offenders who eventually end up in prison. Police are no longer able to question a suspect without first advising the suspect of...