Criminal Justice 394
August, 22, 2012
The functions of police work are highly complex and filled with numerous unpredictable challenges. Officers must place his or her safety and their lives at risk every day in the interests of maintaining order, protecting the public and apprehending law-breakers. The result is an occupation filled with stressors, pressures and dangers. American law enforcement remains a sector composed of many interdependent and overlapping agencies. Therefore, at local, state, and federal level, responsibilities generally divided among these different types of policing agencies even as interaction between them remains high. Local Policing
The functions of local or municipal policing remain highly contingent upon the type of community within which police operate. The experience of policing will be considerably different for the officer working in a small rural town than it will be for the officer who is part of a min-station in a larger urban center. At the root of it, their functions are essentially the same. Police officers will remain charged with the basic duties of monitoring and maintaining traffic, order collecting municipal revenues through the distribution of violation citations, apprehending those in the act or criminality or locating those suspected of committing crimes under investigation. Therefore, the frequency, and proportion of these functions will vary a great deal based on the demographic, geographical, and civilian characteristics of the locality.Paticlularly for those localities, which are more populous, the pressure, and peril associated with these functions is likely to be greater. As the text by Kappeler and Gaines (2009) indicates, “fear of crime is to be found among distinct populations and activities, that this is best measure of police productivity; and that solutions to social problems should be enforcement-based. People are to interpret...