In 1850, Emperor Franz Joseph I created the Gendarmerie, consisting of eighteen regiments to serve the Ministry of the Interior. The Gendarmerie was responsible for many tasks, including protecting the borders of Austria, rescue operations, arresting armed and dangerous criminals, organized crime, providing in-flight security on Austrian Airlines Group flights, escorting money transports, and Austrian missions abroad security (OSCE, 2007). These tasks still remain an important Gendarmerie function today (ITA, 1993). In 1993, the more important law enforcement agencies were organized under the General Directorate for Public Security of the Ministry of the Interior. These agencies consisted of many dedicated individuals who balanced the line between the legal and the illegal, and protected the citizens of Austria from crime, corruption, and to ensure a civil society. The directorate is divided into five different... [continues]
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