Truman and Eisenhower - Policies of Containment
From the time Truman first took office to when Eisenhower left, communism was spreading all over the world. The force of communism was so strong that the U.S. had trouble stopping it. The only thing possible was to assess the situation and contain it. Containing communism was the main goal for both Truman and Eisenhower throughout their presidential terms. In order to do so, certain policies had to be enforced to prevent Soviet influence onto vulnerable nations. Though the two presidents practiced containment during the Cold War, the methods they used had similarities and differences.
Truman was more readily focused on limiting war and keeping taxes low when trying to stop the spread of communism. His plan for containment consisted mainly of giving struggling countries money to stabilize their economies and make communism unnecessary. One example of this was the Truman Doctrine, which made the fight against communism a key part of domestic and foreign policy. It specifically supported Greece and Turkey by giving them $400 million in financial aid to prevent Soviet influence. Once the Soviets began making their way to Czechoslovakia, Truman instituted the Marshall Plan. This gave $16 billion to Western Europe in order to aid in their recovery and stop communism from spreading further. The plan served to benefit the U.S. economy because the Europeans would eventually buy their goods after receiving the money. A third example of containment implemented by Truman was the formation of NATO. Soviet domination of Eastern Europe alarmed the West, so the U.S. created this military alliance, which proclaimed that an attack against a non-communist nation was considered to be an attack against all non-communist nations, which was to be met by appropriate force. Rather than engage in war immediately, this allowed for doing so only when necessary, thus limiting war. These actions highlight Truman's main policies of...
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