Police Use of Force

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Police Use of Force

Introduction
Police officers are authorized to use force under certain circumstances, for instance; controlling a disruptive, aggressive and disturbing demonstration, undergoing arrest of an accused person or controlling a combative individual. These officers are trained properly regarding use of force while fulfilling their duties. However, the use of force by police is a subject of hot discussion amongst public, as many times law enforcement agencies, televisions, newspapers, and civil as well as criminal courts have taken serious actions against excessive use of force by police-officers under a given situation (U.S department of Justice, 1999). The aim of this paper is to study national as well as international polices regarding the use of physical, verbal or any other kind of force like, chemicals, electronic control devices or lethal weapons by police-men. Moreover, the attitude of public, media, courts and juries towards the excessive use of force will be studied. Force is defined as, a non-negotiable use of police authority to influence the behavior of citizens (Ederheimer & Fridell, 2005). On the other hand, National Institute of Justice defines use of force as under; ‘Amount of effort, used by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject’. Police ensures the enforcement of law by the legal use of force, verbal as well as physical force can be used in this regard depending upon severity of situation, and the purpose is to decrease the unwanted results of a particular event. However, in this situation it is recommended by NIJ that police officers should ensure that any individual who gets injured in this event must receive medical aid; moreover, anyone close to the injured subject (family member or friend) should be informed about this situation. Force is defined as, a non-negotiable use of police authority to influence the behavior of citizens (Ederheimer & Fridell, 2005). On the other hand, National Institute of Justice defines use of force as under; ‘Amount of effort, used by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject’. Police ensures the enforcement of law by the legal use of force, verbal as well as physical force can be used in this regard depending upon severity of situation, and the purpose is to decrease the unwanted results of a particular event. However, in this situation it is recommended by NIJ that police officers should ensure that any individual who gets injured in this event must receive medical aid; moreover, anyone close to the injured subject (family member or friend) should be informed about this situation. Reasonable force is that amount of force, which a prudent or careful person can use in a given situation (Ederheimer & Fridell, 2005). Excessive force is the amount of force exceeding the ordinary force (Ederheimer & Fridell, 2005). Excessive use of force became a subject of discussion after the ‘Rodney king case’ in Los Angeles, afterwards the allegation was made against the police officer, who used force to arrest him. After this event, national as well as international attention focused on the definition of use of excessive force in an event. There are some strict policies against use of excessive force, and officers get charged because of this; for example; Justine Volpe a police officer of New York police was charged because of the fact that he assaulted Abner Loulma with a broomstick and humiliated the Haitian immigrant who was handcuffed .People have a good knowledge about the laws and policies related to unjustified use of force by police. Although, these officers have to take decisions so as to cater the situation, but these split-second decisions can become a subject of long term public review (Hess, 2009). The excessive use of force is an unreasonable act, the reasonableness is determined by the fact, whether a careful officer would have used this much of force in the similar circumstances. The information is gathered about...
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