Police History Paper

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Starting In 1829, Sir Robert Peel began developing his theory of policing. These nine principles are as relevant today as they were in the 1800's. Peel established the Metropolitan Police when he served as Home Secretary of England. Since Sir Robert Peel introduced his principles of policing in the early 1800's, our country has continued to follow his ideas of effective policing. Community policing is based on Peel's concept of prevention. According to one of Peel’s principals, the real key for policing is "The police are the people and the people are the police". Peel believed that prevention of crime could be accomplished without intruding into the lives of citizens. Sir Robert Peel's first principle was that, “The basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder” (Westminster Police Department, 2012) In our diverse society, it is necessary for police to understand the different cultures that make up the communities that they patrol. If police can relate to and understand the different cultures of the community, they will be able to successfully gain public approval. I believe this is important for his second two principals. “The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police actions.” Also, “Police must secure the willing co-operation of the public in voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public”. (Westminster Police Department, 2012) Peel also felt strongly about the idea of the use of force as well. In two other principals Peel stated “The degree of co-operation of the public that can be secured diminishes proportionately to the necessity of the use of physical force” and that “Police use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice, and warning is found to be insufficient." (Westminster Police Department, 2012) Excessive force has been a...