Police Adminstration

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American Policing

The most important lesson of chapter 1, tells how the American police service have changed over time, and why it cannot be understood properly if it is examine alone. For example, in a crime scene, an officer has to gather his information from the witness otherwise he or she would never solve the crime, however, in working with the communities make their job a lot easier to find suspects. Many cases are still out there unsolved because they law enforcements can’t do the job alone. At the beginning of the 20th century, cities were staggering under the burden of machine politic, corruption, crime, poverty, and exploitation of women and children by industry. The police was less involved because during this period of time, resources were limited and also the policing was still young and a lot work need to be done. Policemen were not well trained and not funded enough to get the better training they need, and proper equipment they need to do their job better and safer, for example, they were only equipped with helmets, nightsticks and armbands. The Reformation period of 1900-1926 was the need to excite and establish a theoretical foundation. Although, this time period, more innovations of the policing and in the communities started to change. With an excited public and a standard ideal, rapid movements were made. The New York Bureau of Municipal Research was form in 1906, the city management movement in 1910, the Training School for Public Service was established in New York, and the University of Michigan which offered a degree in municipal administration. In improving and strengthening the reform movement, the ideal was to separate politics and administrations. We can tell that from Vollmer’s genius, his tenure as the chief of police parallel closely the reformation movement of 1900-1926, which, in additional to its politics and administration dichotomy concern, also had heavy orientation toward good, progressive government. Vollmer is the image of professional policing as we know it today is largely the creation of one man. He was tireless crusader for the reform of policing through technology. Under his direction the Berkeley department became a model of professional policing, efficient, honest, and scientific. He introduced into Berkeley a patrolwide police signal system, the first completely mobile patrol, first on bicycles, then in squad cars, modern records system, beat analysis and modus operandi. The first scientific crime laboratory in the United States was set up in Berkeley in 1916. He introduced formal police training 1908. His ambition was a success and has influence many who believe in everything he did. He is often referred to as the father of modern law enforcement. In chapter 1, also talked about Profession and Professional, these two terms are use differently as we use them today. Profession, originate from the Latin pro (fort) and fateri (confess), meaning faith. However, the book given a collection of similar definitions that usually approximate the following: 1) an organize body of theoretically grounded knowledge, 2) advance study, 3) a code of ethics, 4) prestige, 5) standards of admission, 6) a professional association and, 7) a service ideal which may also be stated alternatively. The bottom line is whether policing is in fact, a “profession”. Becker stated in the debate as to whether a particular type of work can be called a profession. The Pendleton Act of 1883, the purpose was to sought to eliminate the ills of the political spoils system in the federal government. The act established civil service systems designed to protect government employee from political interference. The recruits to the policing during this time, were military officers who were hired chose to be police commissioners or chief. The highly military analogy was to train police officer, with it an emphasis on discipline, inspections, improved record keeping,...
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