AFE BABALOLA UNIVERSITY ADO-EKITI, EKITI STATE
NAME: OBAYOMI OLORUNTOBI FINNEY
COLLEGE OF LAW
INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE (POL 101) ASSIGNMENT
21ST NOVEMBER, 2013
Is political science an art or science?
There is a great deal of controversy among scholars about whether Political Science is a Science or an Art. Aristotle considered it as the 'master science'. Other modern writers like Godwin, Hobbes, Vico, Hume, Frederick Pollock, John Seely, and Lord Bryce consider it a science. On the other hand, scholars like Mosca, Burke, Buckle, Comte, Maitland question its claim as a science since it has failed to act up to the standard of science. Instead of asking this question, it is better to ask: to what extent Political Science can claim to be a science? It will be useful to remember that no science, whether 'natural' or 'social', can be absolutely scientific at all times and under all circumstances. As far as Political Science is concerned two propositions can be stated. One, it is futile to hope that Political Science can entirely become scientific. Second, it is much more scientific today than it was in the past. Not a Science
The following arguments are advanced against the claim of Political Science as a science. 1. Lack of Consensus on Nature of Political Science:
There is no agreement among political scientists as to its methods, principles and conclusions. 2. No Certainty and Universality in the Laws of Political Science: It lacks uniform principles or laws that are universally valid. The generalisations of the natural sciences are frequently described as laws. But the generalisations put forward by social sciences including Political Science are endlessly disputed as they do not possess the same degree of certainty or universality. At best, they are 'tendencies', not 'laws'. 3. No Predictability:
The political behaviour of man is unpredictable and hence it is difficult to arrive at exact and definite views and conclusions. Generalisations in...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document