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Poetry Anthology

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Dreams Dreams have fascinated every culture that has ever existed. Dreaming is a form of mental activity that is different from waking thought because it occurs during sleep. Dreams are more perpetual than conceptual: things seen and heard rather than regular thought. Visual experience is almost always present in all dreams, auditory experience in about forty-five percent of dreams, and there is very little touch, taste, smell or pain in dreams. A considerable amount of emotion is commonly present in dreams, usually a single stark emotion such as fear, anger, joy rather than modulated emotions that occur in a waking state. Most dreams are in the form of interrupted stories, made partly of childhood memories.

Ancient cultures believed dreams were spiritual in origin, often foretelling the future. Aristotle believed that dreams "originated from within the dreamer, arising from the heart"(Stumpf 143). This is what the Anthology deals with, hope and aspirations. Modern dream research has focused on two general interpretations of dream content. In one view, dreams have no inherent meaning but are simply a process by which the brain integrates new information into memories. In the other view, dreams contain real meaning symbolized in a picture language that is distinct from conscious logical thought. At the beginning of the 20th century Sigmund Freud proposed that a mental process quite different from that used in the waking state "dominates the dreaming mind." He described this "˜primary process' as characterized by more primitive mechanisms, " by rapid shifts in energy and emotions, and a good deal of sexual and aggressive content derived from childhood" (Stumpf 210). In 1953, American sleep researchers Eugene Aserinsky and Nathanial Kleitman presented studies that showed that a dream doens not consist of fleeting imagery that occurs while a person awakens from sleep, but instead a dream takes place during a biological state of it's own. There are two states of...