Topics: Poetry, Alliteration, Rhyme Pages: 7 (1516 words) Published: February 21, 2013
The Poison Tree
I was angry with my friend
I told my wrath, my wrath did end
I was angry with my foe
I told it not, my wrath did grow

and I watered it in fears Night and morning with my tears
And I sunned it with smiles
And with soft deceitful wiles

And it grew both day and night
Till it bore an apple bright
And my foe beheld it shine
And he knew that it was mine

And into my garden stole
When the night had veiled the pole
In the morning glad I see
My foe outstretched beneath the tree

Rhyme scheme, metaphor, symbolism

In this poem there are William Blake has used three different literary terms. One of them is a rhyme scheme, which is used in almost all of William Blake’s poems. The rhyme scheme of this poem is AA BB and continues this way in the other stanzas of them poem as well. In the second stanza he says “I watered it in fears … and I sunned it with smiles”; here William Blake is using a metaphor to compare his anger to a plant or tree. He describes how he let his anger toward an enemy grow.

The third literary device William Blake used symbolism. The title of the poem, “the poison tree” itself is symbolism which represent the anger of the speaker.

Mad Song
The wild winds weep
and the night is a-cold
Come hither, Sleep
and my griefs infold
But lo! The morning peeps
over the eastern steeps
and the rustling birds of dawn
the earth do scorn

Lo! to the vault
Of paved heaven
With sorrow fraught
My notes are driven
They strike the ear of night
Make weep the eyes of day
They make mad the roaring winds
And with tempests play

Like a fiend in a cloud
With howling woe
After night I do crowd
And with night will go
I turn my back to the east
From whence comforts have increas'd
For light doth seize my brain
With frantic pain

There’s alliteration = wild winds weep
Personification = wind is weeping
Rhyme scheme = AB AB CC DD

In this poem there are a few literary devices. One of the first ones I identified was alliteration. In the first line of the first stanza the speaker says “Wild winds weep”, this is alliteration because all three words start with the letter W, and there is a repetition of the consonant sound. This is also personification because the wind is given human qualities’ the speaker says that the wind is weeping, so there therefore it’s and alliteration as well as personification. In this poem there is also a rhyme scheme, which is AB AB CC DD, which continues throughout the rest of the poem.

I wander thro’ each charter’d street 
near where the charter’d Thames does flow 
And mark in every face I meet 
Marks of weakness, marks of woe

In every cry of every Man
In every Infants cry of fear 
In every voice: in every ban 
The mind-forg’d manacles I hear 

How the Chimney-sweepers cry 
Every black’ning Church appalls 
And the hapless Soldiers sigh 
Runs in blood down Palace walls 

But most thro’ midnight streets I hear 
How the youthful Harlots curse 
Blasts the new-born Infants tear 
And blights with plagues the Marriage hearse 

* Imagery, symbolism, repetition, && rhyme scheme

In this poem there are four literary devices. There is a rhyme scheme which is AB AB, which continues throughout in the rest of the poem. There is also repetition in this poem, William Blake repeats the word “every” in the second stanza to put an emphasis on the fact that everyone is suffering, and not just a small group of people. He also repeats the words “cry” and “chartered”. The first line of the third stanza “chimney- sweepers cry” symbolizes how just like the chimney sweepers, everyone is being forced to do hard labour. The second line of the third stanza “every blackening church appals” is also symbolism because the word blackening represents corruption in the society....
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