Osiris – God of the Afterlife
God of the Afterlife, the underworld and the dead.
He is classically depicted as a green-skinned man with a pharaoh’s beard, mummy wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers on each side and holding a symbolic crook and flail. His green skin symbolises re-birth.
The myth of his death: he was fooled by rival god Seth into stepping into a coffin and once he did, Seth slammed the coffin shut and cast it into the Nile. Isis, Osiris’ wife, found the coffin and brought it back. Isis went away for a short period of time and during that time Seth cut the body to pieces and cast them into the Nile. Isis searched the land for the body parts of Osiris and eventually was able to piece his body back together.
It was this legend that accounted for Osiris’ role as the god of the read and ruler of the Egyptian underworld. He also became god of the underworld as he was the first god to have died.
Nut – Goddess of the Sky
She’s involved in the rebirth of the sun and became a mother-like protector of the dead who was often painted on the inside lid of the sarcophagus, protecting the mummy. Nut generally takes the form of a naked woman covered with stars, holding her body up in an arch, facing downwards. Her arms and legs were the pillars of the sky, and hands and feet were thought to touch the ground at the four cardinal points on the horizon.
Hathor – Goddess of Love, Beauty, Music, Motherhood & Joy
She is depicted as “Mistress of the West”, welcoming the dead into the next life. Hathor is commonly depicted as a cow goddess with head horns in which is set a sun disk with Uraeus (upright, spitting cobra). Twin feathers and a menat necklace are also shown. She is often seen carrying a sistrum (ancient musical instrument). She was said to be the mother of the pharaoh, and is often depicted in a nurturing role, suckling the pharaoh when he was a child. Hathor was... [continues]
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