Understand how to provide play and other activities for children in home based settings that will support equality and inclusion
Explain the importance of play to children’s learning and development and the need for an inclusive approach
From an early age, play is important to a child's development and learning. It isn't just physical. It can involve cognitive, imaginative, creative, emotional and social aspects. It is the main way most children express their impulse to explore, experiment, understand and make sense of the world. Children of all ages play and they demonstrate the first hand experiences that they have in life.
•Children make up rules as they play, and so keep control of their play. •Children choose to play. They cannot be made to play.
•Children rehearse the future in their role-play.
•Children pretend when they play.
•Children playing will be deeply involved and difficult to distract from their deep learning. Children at play wallow in their learning. •Children try out their most recent learning, skills and competencies when they play. They seem to celebrate what they know. •Children at play co-ordinate their ideas, feelings and make sense of their relationships with their family, friends and culture. •With encouragement to explore their world through play, children are likely to develop healthy and positive relationships.
Every child has a right to be included, valued or respected. By using the principle that inclusion is a right for all children, early years settings can make sure that during play, every child:
•has an equal chance to participate, learn and develop
•participates equally in group and play activities
•is given the opportunity to communicate in their preferred format •has their individual needs known and met
•feels safe and know they belong
•is valued as a unique individual and
•feels strong and confident about their identity.
Children should have the freedom of acting out different roles through play in, order for them to understand the society we live in and the different roles that people have in society. This means that children should not be discouraged or prevented from mixing with, or acting out roles of people from a different faith, gender, social class or disability. It’s important that children are treated equally and respected them for the individuals they are, which means not behaving in a manner which would offend a child's beliefs, abilities, faith or ethnicity.
Toys should not be separated for boys or girls; therefore any child is able to play with any toy (depending on their age, stage of development and ability). Childcare professionals should not refer to certain role models or people as gender specific (such as a policeman or fireman) and should not discourage children from dressing up in costumes stereotyped for a particular sex, for example a boy wishing to dress up in a nurses uniform.
Where play is concerned, it is also good practice to buy books and play materials etc which reflect diversity from a variety of cultural backgrounds and if caring for a child from a different race or cultural background to our own, it is useful for adults to try and learn about the Childs faiths and beliefs to further enhance their own play.
When providing activities for children it’s important to acknowledge an individual child’s interests, needs, age and developmental stage. By ensuring that the activity can involve all children to participate in their own way we can help to remove and overcome barriers for children and helping them to feel both valued and involved.
How and why is it important that children receive equal treatment and access based on their individual needs and acknowledging their rights
To provide an environment of equal opportunity means to remove any acts of discrimination based on race, color,...