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  • Topic: Philippines, José Rizal, Philippine Revolution
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  • Published : September 28, 2012
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Life and Works of Jose Rizal

Carolina B. Cantos cbcantos@ama.edu.ph

Reminder
• Answer the online pre-final activities and quizzes with the given schedules Pre Final Quiz 1 – August 31,2012 Pre Final Activity 1 – August 31,2012 Pre Final Quiz 2 - September 7,2012 Pre Final Activity 2 – September 7,2012

PreFinal Topics
• Rizal and the Philippine Revolution • RETURN TO THE PHILIPPINES and DEATH IN THE HANDS OF THE SPANIARDS (Part 1&2) • Rizal concept of nation’s building • The Ideals of Rizal

PreFinal Topics
• Read Selections for Discussion Retraction Controversy Rizal’s speech for Juan Luna and Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo on June 25,1884

RETURN TO THE PHILIPPINES AND DEATH IN THE HANDS OF THE SPANIARDS (PART I)

Rizal still remained a true Filipino in soul and heart. He said…. “Still I am not Europeanized like other Filipinos in Madrid say: I always like to return to the country of my birth.

Back to Calamba
• August 6, 1887, Manila – Rizal reached Philippines after his 5 years of sojourn in various foreign lands. “ I had a pleasant voyage. I found my family enjoying the best health and our happiness was great in seeing each other again. They shed tears of joy and I had to answer the thousand question at the same time”.

Back to Calamba
• Rizal opened a medical clinic and his first patient was his mother. • Rizal opened a gymnasium for the young men in Calamba and introduced various European sports such as gymnastics, fencing and shooting to discourage them from engaging in cockfighting and other types of gambling.

Summoned to Malacañang
• Governor-General Terrero informed Rizal that Noli Me Tangere caused much uproar among the government authorities and that he wanted to have a copy of the book and wanted to read the novel if he could furnish him one. • Don Jose Taviel de Andrade- assigned personal bodyguard for Rizal by GovernorGeneral Terrero.

Powerful Enemies
• The Committee found the book scandalous to the religious order, impious, subversive to the public order and libelous to the Government of Spain and its political policies in the Philippine. The enemies of Rizal were happy because the novel was absolutely prohibited.

But the banning of the Noli only served to make it more popular because everybody would like to have a copy and read it.

Calamba’s Agrarian Problem
• The Chief Executive ordered a government investigation of the friar estates to look into the sources of the agrarian problem in Calamba. One of the friar estates affected was the Calamba Hacienda owned by the Dominican Order.

Rizal leaves Calamba
• February 1888 - Rizal was forced to go abroad for the second time and to part from his family and friend. • He was also advised by Governor-General Terrero to leave the Philippines for his own good.

Rizal leaves Calamba
• Rizal was compelled to leave Calamba because his stay might expose his family and friends to danger causing worry and anxiety and perhaps he could be better expose the excesses of the government and the greedy and ruthless friars through his pen in foreign countries.

Rizal in London
Rizal left for London and Lived there from May,1888 to March, 18889, to copy, study and made the annotation(footnotes) of Dr. Antonio de Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas (Events in the Philippine Islands)

Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas
(Events in the Philippine Islands) • an excellent and inspirational piece of historiography because it can be considered the best of the many histories of the Philippines written by early Spanish writers, being accurate in facts and events and unbiased judgment. • He dedicated his valuable historical work to his countrymen.

Rizal’s Writing in London
• 1. annotated Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas. 2. He wrote for La Solidaridad. 3. La Vision de Fray Rodriguez (he demonstrated his profound knowledge of religion and his style in satire. 4.The “Letter to the Young Women of Malolos”( through...
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