Platonic and Aristotelian Metaphysics

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Borodikhin Dmitriy
ID: 20062471 group #3 Platonic and Aristotelian metaphysics
Plato and Aristotle are the names of the two philosophers who had so much influence on philosophy as a science. Plato and Aristotle are connected with each other. At 17 years Aristotle entered the school of the Plato. From the beginning Aristotle was strongly on the side of Plato’s principles, and then his views became more differ from Plato. In Plato’s school Aristotle got the important knowledge, with which he had opened his own, against Platonic, school. One of the biggest differences was their knowledge of metaphysics, views of the ideas of forms. In this work it will be discussed what are the strengths and weaknesses of both views and which view seems more reasonable and better argued? The main idea of Plato’s philosophy is “eidos” or idea. (Plato, 2008, 5) This knowledge was accepted almost completely by Aristotle. Neither Plato nor Aristotle thinks about things without its ideas, or eidos. Whole philosophy of Socrates, and then Plato’s was developed from practices and vital or life needs. (Asmus, 2003) According to Plato, the world of things, which is perceptible by senses, is not the world of real existing. Material world as sensual things is continuity appearing and dieing, changing and moving. Those things do no have anything constant, lasting, absolute and real. Everything they have, according to Plato, is forms, which are not sensible, perceptible only with the intelligence, embodied and senseless. The material world is not so important as ideas. Against the material world the ideas are unchangeable, motionless and perpetual.(Plato, 2008) Every idea is equal and existing per se. For this quality the Plato recognized it as actual and real entity. Plato detailed the main philosophical principals for knowledge: first, the idea of the thing is its meaning. To distinguish the thing or object it is necessary to...
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