Plato was born in may/june 428/27 BC in Athens in an aristocratic family . Plato's real name was Aristocles.He excelled in the study of music , mathematics ,poetry and rhetoric . Plato met with Socrates in 407 BC and became his desciple . The execution of Socrates proved to be the turning point of Plato's life . Plato left Athens and went to many countries , studying mathematics and the historical traditions of the priests . He returned to Athens in 386 BC and established an academy .He devoted the bulk of his time to managing the academy . He died in 347 Bc .
Platos's theory of communism was one of his original ideas . In his attempt to build an Ideal state , a state where justice would reign supreme , Plato propounds a theory of new social order under which the ruling class surrenders both family life and private property in the interest of the state and lives under the system of communism .Communism is not the central idea of Plato's philosophy , it is justice that tekes that place .He says that in oreder to reach the goal of justice education and communism are a necessity . He calls both education and communism supplementary .
JUSTIFICATION OF PLATO'S COMMUNISM
Plato was conscious that his theory of communism was very controversial as it was concerned with emotions . And as such he gave various justification for his theory . At the time Alexander Grey , thought that even after purificaion by education in an ideal state , one danger was that the ruling class might become even stronger and pose athreat to every citizen . So plato gave a solution for this in the form of his theory of communism .He gave its justification on the following basis :-
1)Psychological ground - Psychology deamnds that each one should devote his entire will and energy in doing their work . The economic requirement shall be fulfilled by other classes , so that they can perform their duties . The ruling class or guardians persay should not...