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Plato's Philosophical Ideas

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Plato's Philosophical Ideas

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  • June 15, 2013
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There were many great philosophers of education, such as Vygotsky, Piaget, and John Dewey. Among the great philosophers of education is Plato. Plato founded the Academy which was the centre of study and research and which used dialectical methods of teaching; however, the information about the methods are unknown (Hummel, 1994). This essay will discuss Plato’s educational philosophies with reference to the role of the teacher, the role of the learner, Plato’s views on educational policy of the state and Plato’s view on the curriculum. This essay will also present an argument as to why a school should hire Plato as a level one teacher.

According to Farooq (2010) and Muhammad (2008) Plato says that the education of each child should be given by the state and not the parents. This means that each child will receive the same education paid for by the state. This means that there will be no discrimination against children whose parents cannot afford to send them to school as the state will be paying for the education of every child. This also means that all children have equal right and equal opportunities to be educated and that hierarchy will no longer determine the rulers of the state but rather by the system of education.

According to Oliveira (1999) Plato was not concerned as to who received education. This is also emphasised by Farooq (2010) who states that education for males and females should be the same. According to Farooq (2010) Plato believed that females should be taught music, gymnastics as well as be trained for war. Hummel (1994) is in agreement with this statement because he said that even though some females may be weaker than males there are females who possess the strength equivalent to that of males and they should be awarded with equal opportunities to show this strength. This is in essence a good point as there will be no discrimination between males and female within the classroom. All learners will receive equal and just treatment and...