Plastic Surgery

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What Is Cosmetic Surgery? What Is Plastic Surgery?
Editor's Choice
Main Category: Cosmetic Medicine / Plastic Surgery
Also Included In: Dermatology
Article Date: 30 Jun 2009 - 0:00 PDT

Plastic surgery has two branches, cosmetic surgery and reconstructive plastic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is concerned with improving the aesthetic appearance of a person, while plastic surgery may include this, or just the reconstruction (reconstructive surgery). Reconstructive plastic surgery is concerned with improving function; however, it may also involve trying to approximate normal appearance, but that is not its primary function. Reconstructive plastic surgery is often referred as simply reconstructive surgery.

Some parts of the world completely separate cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery and term cosmetic surgery as elective surgery, non-essential surgery, surgery which the patient chooses to have; while plastic surgery is understood to mean surgery to reconstruct or improve appearance after injury or illness. News on Cosmetic Surgery / Plastic Surgery

For the latest news and research on Cosmetic Surgery / Plastic Surgery, and to sign up to newsletters or news alerts, please visit our Cosmetic Surgery / Plastic Surgery News Section. This article focuses on cosmetic surgery only.

According to official statistics, approximately 65,000 surgical cosmetic procedures were performed in 2008 in the UK - 50% more than in 2003. Breast enlargement was the most popular procedure, followed by rhinoplasty (nose job, nose reshaping), liposuction, and face-lifts. Cosmetic surgery in the USA is far more popular: Surgical cosmetic procedures USA, 2007

* Liposuction 456,828
* Breast augmentation 399,440
* Eyelid surgery 240,763
* Abdominoplasty 185,335
* Female breast reduction 153,087
* Total - 1,435,444
(Source: American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Non-surgical cosmetic procedures, USA, 2007
* Botox 2,775,176
* Hyaluronic Acid (Hylaform, Juvederm, Restylane) 1,448,716 * Laser Hair Removal 1,412,657
* Microdermabrasion 829,658
* Laser Skin Resurfacing 647,707
* Total - 7,113,914
(Source: American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Experts say that not everybody is suitable for cosmetic surgery. There may be factors in the patient's life that may be influencing his/her surgery decisions. In many cases in Europe and North America surgeons may delay the procedure until the patient has received psychological counseling. As most surgical cosmetic surgery procedures have permanent results, it is crucial that the patient is completely sure about wanting to go ahead. What types of cosmetic surgeries are there?

Below is a list of the most common cosmetic surgeries:
* Tummy tuck (abdominoplasty) - the abdomen is reshaped and firmed. During this surgical procedure excess skin and fact is removed from the middle and lower abdomen, with the aim of tightening the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall. Tummy tucks are more popular among women after pregnancy and people who have lost a great deal of weight and do not like the sagging that sometimes results from this. Sometimes the sagging skin occurs for genetic reasons (the patient inherited the trait). This procedure may also improve the appearance of stretch marks, especially those located below the navel. Ads by Google

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