Plastic Pollution and Measures to Control

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Pollution caused by plastic

“POLLUTION CAUSED BY PLASTIC”

Pollution caused by plastic

CONTENTS

1. Aim 2. Introduction 3. What is plastic? 4. Environmental hazards caused by plastic 5. Measures to control pollution 6. Industries that produce plastic in India 7. Importance Of Plastic Industry Toward Economic Growth 8. Ban On Plastics In India 9. Cost Benefit Analysis 10.Conclusion 11.References

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Pollution caused by plastic

AIM
To make a comparative study of plastics and its effect on the environment. To analyze and understand the importance of introducing effective measures to control pollution.

INTRODUCTION
Plastics have become a necessary commodity in today’s world. Everyone knowingly or unknowingly uses plastic substances. Karki (2008) discusses that plastic is used not only for making plastic bags but also for producing products that cover parts of vehicles that need to be protected. Karki (2008) reveals that plastics are synthetic substances that are the outcome of chemical reactions. It is a non-biodegradable substance that takes more than 100 years to decompose. It poses a threat to humans and animals. Once plastic materials are disposed off into the environment they end up in our waters ways, beaches and larger water bodies, thus harming our aquatic life. If plastic materials is burnt it releases toxic fumes into the atmosphere causing air pollution. Over the years plastic has become a substitute for packaging materials such as paper bags or cloth bags primarily due to its low cost as well as the ease involved in the manufacturing process, weight and availability (Karki, 2008).

PLASTIC
Plastic are synthetic substance made from chemical reaction. Plastics are made from petroleum. Plastic are polymers that consist of monomers linked by chemical bonds. These monomers are petrochemical substances that are not biodegradable.

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Pollution caused by plastic

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS CAUSED BY PLASTIC
Although there are various sources that lead to different types of pollution we are concentrating mainly on plastic materials as a pollutant. Based on the above information we know that plastic is a hazardous commodity that leads to land, water and air pollution. Although briefly explained above lets now go in-depth and understand how plastic affects land, water as well as air pollution.

LAND POLLUTION
Plastic substances are used by many around the world and in a developing country with a huge population like India, the use of such materials is bound to be more. Since a lot of people use plastics for their day to day activities, the disposal of plastic products will also be high and to be honest a lot of us throw plastic bags or containers on the road. This leads to land pollution. So what is land pollution? Encyclopedia Britanica (Land Pollution, 2010) describes land pollution as the addition of unwanted materials that pose a threat to the organisms, decrease the soils fertility and have an adverse effect on the health of human being. Animals die due to plastic substances by simply consuming them, the plastic gets clogged in their bodies and ultimately results in the death of these few animals. Further on, the collection of these materials gives an “untidy and dirty look” to the area. These materials find their way to our water systems and larger water bodies leading to water pollution.

WATER POLLUTION
Encyclopedia Britannica (Water Pollution, 2010).Most of the water pollution resulting from plastic is generated from land. 60% to 80% of water pollution is from plastic litter .Once in the water these materials pose a serious threat to our aquatic life. Fish, sea turtles and other aquatic inhabitants can get entangled in plastic materials and can inflict serious pain, injury and even death. Marine organisms that have been killed by plastic substances decompose fast, but the plastic that kills them takes a long time to decompose, thus increasing the risk of other marine life...
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