Plant Manager

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KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN MINISTRY OF LABOUR

THE LABOUR LAW FOR THE PRIVATE SECTOR

LAW No. 36 OF 2012

Law No. 36 of 2012 Promulgating The Labour Law for the Private Sector We, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Kingdom of Bahrain. After full consideration of the Constitution, And the Civil and Commercial Procedures Act promulgated by Legislative Decree No. 12 of 1971, as amended, And the Labour Law for the Private Sector promulgated by Legislative Decree No. 23 of 1976, as amended, And the Social Insurance Law promulgated by Legislative Decree No. 24 of 1976, as amended, And the Law of Evidence in Civil and Commercial Matters promulgated by Legislative Decree No. 14 of 1996, as amended by Law No. 13 of 2005, And the Civil Code promulgated by Legislative Decree No. 19 of 2001, And the Workers Trade Union Law promulgated by Legislative Decree No. 33 of 2002, as amended by Law No. 49 of 2006, And Law No. 19 of 2006 with respect to Regulating the Labour Market, And Law No. 74 of 2006 with respect to Care, Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons, And Law No. 3 of 2008 with respect to the Social Insurance Organization, The Shura Council and Council of Representatives approved the following Law which we ratified and enacted: Article (1): The provisions of the attached Labour Law for the Private Sector shall come into force and effect. Article (2): The Ministerial Orders issued in implementation of the provisions of the Labour Law for the Private Sector promulgated by Legislative Decree No.(23) of 1976 shall continue to be effective to the extent that they do not conflict with the provisions of the attached Law until the Minister in charge of labour affairs in the private sector issues the necessary orders for implementation of its provisions within a period of 6 months from the date of its issue.

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Article (3): Subject to the provision of Article (2) of this Law, the Labour Law for the Private Sector promulgated by Legislative Decree No. 23 of 1976 shall be revoked as shall every provision that contravenes the provisions of the attached Law. Article (4): The Prime Minister and the Ministers, each in his respective capacity shall implement the provisions of this Law which shall come into effect one month after the date of its publication in the Official Gazette. Signed: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of the Kingdom of Bahrain Issued at Rifaa Palace On 7th Ramadhan, 1433 Hijra Corresponding to 26th July, 2012 AD

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The Labour Law for the Private Sector Part One Definitions and General Provisions Chapter One Definitions

Article (1):

In the application of the provisions of this Law, the following words and expressions shall have the meanings assigned against each unless the context otherwise requires: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. Ministry: Ministry concerned with labour affairs in the private sector. Minister: Minister in charge of labour affairs in the private sector. Worker: Every natural person employed in consideration of a wage with an employer and under his management or supervision. Employer: Every natural or corporate person who employs one worker or more in consideration of a wage. Basic Wage: Consideration fixed in the contract of employment to be paid to the worker on a regular basis in addition to the increments that may occur thereto, if any. Wage: Everything that a worker receives in consideration of his employment, whatever maybe the kind thereof, whether it is fixed or variable, in cash or in kind and includes the basic wage and the supplementary allowances, benefits, grants, bonuses, commissions and other emoluments. Contract of Employment: An agreement between an employer and a worker whereby the worker undertakes to perform the duties of a particular job for the employer under his management or supervision in consideration of a wage. A contract shall be deemed as a contract for a definite term if it is entered into for a fixed period or for performing a certain job. Labour Case: A case that arises...
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