Plant and Scientific Names

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Catalogue of Plants – Edition II
NO.

DHIVEHI NAME

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

FAMILY NAME

Aamanaka

Castor bean

Ricinus communis

Euphorbiaceae

2

Aadaththodaa

Malabar nut

Adhatoda vasica

Acanthaceae

3

Afihun

Opium poppy

Papaver somniferum

Papaveraceae

4

Ahi / Ehi

Cheese fruit /
Great morinda /
Indian mulberry

Morinda citrifolia

Rubiaceae

5

An'bihi

Gamboge tree

Garcinia cambogia

Guttiferae

6

Akarakara

Pellitory root /
Spanish Chamomile /
Spanish pellitory

Anacyclus pyrethrum

Asteraceae /
Compositae

7

Arolhi

Troical almond /
Nut gall

Terminalia chebula

Combretaceae

8

Asalhiyaa

Cress /
Garden cress

Lepidium sativum

Brassicaceae

9

Assaroon

Asarum /
European wild ginger

Asarum europaeum

Aristolochiaceae

10

Baiy goan'bili

Sweet acacia /
Cassie flower /
Perfumed wattle

Acacia farnesiana

Fabaceae

11

Babuna

Chamomile /
Pin heads

Anthemis nobilis

Asteraceae

12

Ban'gufilla /
Beydhaana

Henbane

Hyoscyamus niger

Solanaceae

13

Beys Laami

Black damer /
Elemi

Canarium strictum

Burseraceae

14

Beydhanaa

Common quince

Cydonia oblonga

Rosaceae

Chapter 7: Medicinal Plants

1

20

Catalogue of Plants – Edition II
NO.

DHIVEHI NAME

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

FAMILY NAME

15

Beys fathan'gu

Sappan wood

Caesalpinia sappan

Caesalpiniaceae

16

Binhimagas /
Binhama

Ticktrefoil

Desmodium triflorum

Fabaceae

17

Bokaru

Aquilaria agallocha

Thymelaeceae

18

Buran'dha gon'di /
Bodu raalhu /
Buran'dha / Buran'dha
filaa
Burolhi

Frangrant aloe-wood /
Agal wood /
Agallochum /
Eagle wood
Pig weed / Spreading
hog weed / Hog weed /
Tar vein

Beorhaavia diffusa

Nyctaginaceae

Beleric myrobalan

Terminalia bellerica

Combretaceae

19

Dhaiykuran'dhu /
Dhaiykuran'dhuru

-

Barleria priontis

Acanthaceae

21

Dhebudhaaru

Deodar / False ashoka

Polyalthia longifolia

Annonaceae

22

Dhikkanfaiy

Climbing dayflower

Commelina diffusa

Commelinaceae

23

Dhiyamudholhi

Bengal dayflower /
tropical spiderwort

Commelina
benghalensis

Commelinaceae

24

Dhun'gethi

Garden quinine /
Glory-bower

Clerodendrum inerme

Verbenaceae

25

Dhunnika

Five leaved chaste tree

Vitex negundo

Verbenaceae

26

Eggamu muraka

Milk hedge /
Milk bush /
Pencil euphorbia

Euphorbia tirucalli

Euphorbiaceae

27

Emmuli vina /
Kotharu kaa vina /
Emmuli filaa

Chay root

Oldenlandia umbellata

Rubiaceae

28

Esmaa alhaa gas

Clearing nut tree

Strychnos potatorum

Loganiaceae

Chapter 7: Medicinal Plants

20

21

Catalogue of Plants – Edition II
NO.

DHIVEHI NAME

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

FAMILY NAME

Farihi dhamui
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