Topics: Korean War, South Korea, World War II Pages: 43 (16377 words) Published: March 16, 2013
Korean War
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Korean War
Part of the Cold War|

Clockwise from top: U.S. Marines retreating during the Battle of Chosin Reservoir; U.N. landing at Incheon harbor, starting point of the Battle of Inchon; Korean refugees in front of an AmericanM26 Pershing tank; U.S. Marines, led by First LieutenantBaldomero Lopez, landing at Incheon; F-86 Sabre fighter aircraft.| Date| 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953

(3 years, 1 month and 2 days)|
Location| Korean Peninsula|
Status| * The Korean Armistice Agreement, acease-fire armistice * U.N. invasion of North Korea repelled * Chinese invasion of South Korea repelled * Korean Demilitarized Zoneestablished, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border, essentiallyuti possidetis| Territorial

changes| Korean Demilitarized Zone established; both sides gained little border territory at the 38th parallel|
*  South Korea *  United Nations *  United States *  United Kingdom * (U.N. Resolution 84)Combat support[show]Medical support[show]Other support[show]| *  North Korea *  China *  Soviet UnionMedical support[show]Other support[show]| Commanders and leaders|

*  Rhee Syngman *  Douglas MacArthur
(Commander of the UNC) *  Chung Il-kwon *  Paik Sun-yup *  Shin Sung-mo *  Son Won-il *  Dwight Eisenhower *  Matthew Ridgway (Commander of the UNC) *  Mark Wayne Clark
(Commander of the UNC)| *  Kim Il-sung *  Pak Hon-yong *  Choi Yong-kun *  Kim Chaek *  Mao Zedong *  Peng Dehuai *  Deng Hua *  Joseph Stalin| Strength|
*  602,902[3] *  326,863[4] *  14,198[5][6]And others[show]Total: 972,214| *  1,350,000[10] *  266,600[11] *  26,000[12]Total: 1,642,600 Note: The figures vary by source; peak unit strength varied during war.| Casualties and losses|

Total: 178,236 dead and 32,844 missing
Total wounded: 566,314Details[show]| Total dead: 367,283-750,282 Total wounded: 686,500-789,000Details[show]|
* Total civilians killed/wounded: 2.5 million (est.)[9] * South Korea: 990,968 373,599 killed[9]
229,625 wounded[9]
387,744 abducted/missing[9] * North Korea: 1,550,000 (est.)[9]|
[show] * v  * t  * eKorean War|

Korean War|
Hangul| 한국전쟁 or 조선전쟁|
Hanja| 韓國戰爭 or 朝鮮戰爭|
Revised Romanization| Hanguk Jeonjaeng or Joseon Jeonjaeng| McCune–Reischauer| Han’guk Chŏnjaeng or Chosŏn Chŏnjaeng| The Korean War (Korean: 한국전쟁 or 조선전쟁, Hanja: 韓國戰爭 or 朝鮮戰爭; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953)[22][a] was a war between the Republic of Korea (South Korea), supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), supported by the People's Republic of China. It was primarily the result of the political division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II. The Korean Peninsula was ruled by the Empire of Japan from 1910 until the end of World War II. Following thesurrender of the Empire of Japan in September 1945, American administrators divided the peninsula along the 38th parallel, with U.S. military forcesoccupying the southern half and Soviet military forces occupying the northern half.[24] The failure to hold free elections throughout the Korean Peninsula in 1948 deepened the division between the two sides; the North established a communist government, while the South established a nominally democratic government. The 38th parallel increasingly became a political border between the two Korean states. Although reunification negotiations continued in the months preceding the war, tension intensified. Cross-border skirmishes and raids at the 38th Parallel persisted. The situation escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950.[25] In 1950, the Soviet Union boycotted the United Nations...
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