Planning Organizing Leading and Controlling

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This paper will discuss four management functions: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. All of these functions are what every good manager does whether he/she knows it. All of these functions have the same importance and work cohesively. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the importance of these four functions and how they can improve ones management skills and the role each function has in management. Planning is the beginning of any function, whether it is car design, catering, disaster relief, or starting a new division or company it is necessary to plan what needs to be done without planning the end results could be chaos. In Reference for Business they give a fine definition; planning is the function of management that involves setting objectives and determining a course of action for achieving these objectives. Planning requires that managers be aware of environmental conditions facing their organization and forecast future conditions. It also requires that managers be good decision-makers. Planning is a process consisting of several steps. The process begins with environmental scanning, which simply means that planners must be aware of the critical contingencies facing their organization in terms of economic conditions, their competitors, and their customers. Planners must then attempt to forecast future conditions. These forecasts form the basis for planning. Planners must establish objectives, which are statements of what needs to be achieved and when. Planners must then identify alternative courses of action for achieving objectives. After evaluating the various alternatives, planners must make decisions about the best courses of action for achieving objectives. They must then formulate necessary steps and ensure effective implementation of plans. Finally, planners must constantly evaluate the success of their plans and take corrective action when necessary (Stephen & Coulter1. 2003). In a small way planning could be viewed as the most important step because it is at the beginning. For example, planning for the Iraq War, in one hand, the reason for going there was to look for Weapons of Mass Destruction, that was bad planning. In the other, once the president made the decision to go to Iraq the commander of the armed forces had superb planning before he sent military personnel into Iraq. Current maps were acquired and many pictures were taken by the United States and our allies of the entire country of Iraq by spy planes and satellite and were continuously taken before and during the war to track movement of enemy personnel, missiles, and commanders. The commander of the armed forces uses this information to procure a plan of attack. Without this vital information planning could not commence if military personnel are sent in pre-maturely it could result in many lives lost. It is important for a commander to know information like where enemy supply routes, tanks, missiles, airplanes, bridges, roads, and of course where the enemy and their commanders are at all times. Another great example of planning, or lack of is Hurricane Katrina and the aftermath that ensued after the hurricane did its damage. There was very bad planning in that no one took responsibility for rescue evacuations, every level of government thought the other departments were handling the situation. There were many problems in the disaster relief of Hurricane Katrina. Beginning at the top and working its way down starting first with the president-did not declare the state of Louisiana a disaster area, which would have started federal rescue operations immediately; second the governor of Louisiana- thought the mayor of the hardest hit county was handling everything. Once communications were up the mayor was able to talk to the outside world; he pleaded, nearly begged for help from the federal government. President Bush dragged his feet as well the governor of Louisiana. Meanwhile, people are drowning, looting, and starving. The...
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