Planning and Management in Urban Areas: Economic Development of a Country

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With reference to examples, assess the degree to which the level of economic development of a country affects planning and management in urban areas. (40 Marks) There are many examples of countries around the world which show examples of hashed and perfect planning and management in urban areas. However there are many variables that affect the difference in which the planning is done across the globe. By 2007 the percentage of the world’s population living in cities was 50 percent, and rising with most of the mega cities in LDC’s it is becoming increasingly important to forward plan and manage urban areas to the upmost. To look into development I am going to look at the 3 different stages of development across the nations, LDC’s, NIC’s and MDC’s. To be more specific I am going to look at urban planning and management in Mumbai, Brazil, and the UK. Firstly if you look at India as a case study, it is a developing country in stage 3 of the demographic transition model (DTM) with a population of 1,241,491,960 means that planning and management of this scale is very difficult to control. This is escalated by the huge rural to urban migration happening all over India in the search for a better life style leading to large areas of slums. How the India government is now trying to address the problem, an example of this would be in Mumbai where Dharavi is one of the most highly populated areas in the world with over 1 and a half million people living with effectively 1 square mile, all of which is slum housing. As the area in which the Dharavi is placed on is some of the most expensive real estate in Mumbai. It is a central area, near the CBD with natural flood defenses against the Mithi River which runs through the center of Mumbai. This means that urban planners wanted the money raised by the land cleared of slums and also to help improve the standard of living of those people who live in Dharavi. The local government then set up the Dharavi Redevelopment scheme with...
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