Planinng and Types of Plans and Leadership for the 21st Century

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Planning
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"Forethought" redirects here. For the defunct software company, see Forethought, Inc..
This article's introduction section may not adequately summarize its contents. To comply with Wikipedia's lead section guidelines, please consider modifying the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points in such a way that it can stand on its own as a concise version of the article. (discuss). (December 2012) Computer consultants give up on automated scheduling and resort to an old-fashioned plan-board to agree on who does what when.

Planning (also called forethought) is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal.

Planning involves the creation and maintenance of a plan. As such, planning is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior. This thought process is essential to the creation and refinement of a plan, or integration of it with other plans; that is, it combines forecasting of developments with the preparation of scenarios of how to react to them.

An important, albeit often ignored aspect of planning, is the relationship it holds with forecasting. Forecasting can be described as predicting what the future will look like, whereas planning predicts what the future should look like.[1] The counterpart to planning is spontaneous order. Contents

1 Planning topics
1.1 Psychological aspects
1.2 Neuropsychological tests
1.3 Planning in organizations
1.4 Planning in public policy
2 Planning process
3 Types of planning
4 See also
5 References
6 Further reading

Planning topics
Psychological aspects
The Striatum; part of the basal ganglia; neural pathways between the striatum and the frontal lobe have been implicated in planning function.

Planning is one of the executive functions of the brain, encompassing the neurological processes involved in the formulation, evaluation and...
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