Piper Alpha Disaster

Topics: Piper Alpha, North Sea, Natural gas Pages: 12 (4218 words) Published: December 12, 2011

In collaboration with

University of Sunderland


Name SEGI ID UOS ID Lecturer Date

: Johnin Taimin : SJCJ-0012043 : : Miss Ida Fahani Md Jaye : 29th November 2011

Table of Contents
Page No Abstract
1.0 Introduction 1.1 Objective 1.2 General background about Piper Alpha 1.3 General purposes of the platform 1.4 The happening, effect and recovery of the incident Management and operation 2.1 The Management and its structures 2.2 Objectives of the Management Industrial processes Causes of accident 4.1 Root and human factors 4.2 Design and process factors Consequences of the effect of the accident Improvement and prevention 6.1 Management and human resources 6.2 Design and process 6.3 Safety and health Conclusion List of references Appendix i. Viper plagiarism report 1 1 2 4 6


3.0 4.0

7 8

5.0 6.0

10 10

7.0 8.0 9.0

11 12

We’re all human. We make mistakes and forget things. Our attention span is limited. We overlook crucial evidence in making decisions. We believe we’re cleverer stronger and faster than we actually are. Unfortunately, despite our best intentions with all these things can end up putting us, our friends, our colleagues and other people at risk and lead it to accident. One of the worst accidents has happened was the Piper Alpha Incident. The accident that occurred on board the offshore platform Piper Alpha in July 1988 killed 167 peoples and cost billions of dollars in property damages. This report would examine the company general background and purposes, determines the story behind the incident and indentifies all the causes and effects of the incident.

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Objective
The purposes of this report are to examine the general backgrounds and structures about the management of Piper Alpha Platform. Other than that, studying the processes and operations of the platform and also evaluating the happening and risks in all areas that lead to the accident. Such as accident progression started before the first explosion occurred until at last fire and smoke engulfed the platform. Then, identify the causes and consequences from all occurred effects of the accident.


General background about Piper Alpha

Piper Alpha was a North Sea oil production platform fully managed and operated by Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd subsidiaries of Occidental Petroleum Corporation (Oxy). Oxy is a California based company in oil and gas exploration and production with operations in the few countries. It was founded in 1920. In 1957, Dr. Armand Hammer was elected as president and CEO. In 1961, the company discovered the second largest natural gas field in California in the Arbuckle area of the Sacramento basin at Lathrop. For the next 10 years, Occidental expanded internationally with operations in Libya, Peru, Venezuela, Bolivia, Trinidad, and the United Kingdom [3]. It lead Occidental to the won exploration rights in Libya in 1965 and operated there until all activities were suspended in 1986 after the United States imposed economic sanctions on Libya [4]. On July 6th 1988, an explosion and subsequent inferno on the Piper Alpha platform, operated by Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd in the UK North Sea, sacrificed 167 peoples life in now remains the world's most deadly offshore disaster. According to the official investigation report written by Lord Cullen, it was the failures of company’s management on safety on the Piper Alpha Platform.


General Purpose of the platform operation

Figure 1 : Piper Alpha field location [18] The Piper Alpha offshore platform was located in the British sector of the North Sea oil field approximately 120 miles from Aberdeen Scotland (Figure 1). It is the major Northen Sea Oil and Gas for drilling and production that time.

Figure 2 Piper Alpha Platform before engulfed...
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