a. Identif specific considerations from part I and II of the cas that affect your assessments of engagement risk and acceptable audit risk. use each of the three factors in the text to categorize your conclusions: External users' reliance on financial statements
likelihood of financial difficulties
Acceptable Audit Risk and Engagement Risk Issues:
External users’ reliance on financial statements:
1. The company is privately held, but there is a large amount of debt, therefore the financial statements will be used fairly extensively. Also, management is considering selling the Machine-Tech division, which has the potential to result in extensive use of the statements by the buyers. 2. Item 4 in the planning phase indicates plans for additional debt financing. Likelihood of financial difficulties:
1. The solar power engine business revolves around constantly changing technology, thus making it inherently more risky than other businesses, with a better chance of subsequent bankruptcy. Item 1 in the planning issues raises a concern about the viability of the Solar-Electro division, but not necessarily the entire company.
2. The conclusion in Part I of the case was that the likelihood of financial failure is low, even considering the issue with Solar-Electro.
3. Item 7 in the planning phase indicates there is a debt covenant requiring a current ratio above 2.0 and a debt-to-equity ratio below 1.0. The current ratio has fallen below 2.0. This could result in the loan being called unless a waiver of the loan covenant is granted. Management integrity: No major issue exists that would cause the auditor to question management integrity, but the auditor should have done extensive client acceptance procedures before accepting the client. It is possible that Item 6 in the planning phase, turnover of internal audit personnel, could be intentional and increases the risk of fraudulent financial reporting.
b. Acceptable audit risk is likely...
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