Pablo Picasso’s life began in Spain. His father Jose Ruiz Blasco was an artist and an art teacher. By the age of 9, Picasso had become an excellent artist with the help of his father. When Picasso’s family moved around Spain quite a bit during his childhood because of the way his father’s job changed location. By 1891 they had moved to La Caruña where he took his father’s classes at the Escuela de Belles Artes. In 1895 they moved again to Barcelona where Picasso began to grow independently as an artist. By 1900, Picasso exhibited 150 pieces of his art at the Els Quatre Gats. After his exhibition at Els Quatre Gats, Picasso was invited to the Exposition Universelle in Paris, France for his painting, Last Moments. It was around this time that Picasso wavered between living in Paris and Spain (The Art Dictionary; McQuillion).
Eventually, Picasso began living in Paris and a period known as the “Blue Period” of his art began. This ranged from around 1902 to 1904. Around this time, the focus of his art was on outcasts, beggars and dark colors, setting the feeling of death. This depressing change in his art was mostly sparked because of the drama in Picasso’s life. At the beginning of this period, Picasso’s friend, Casagena committed suicide. Picasso fell into depression after this, and the feeling of the artist would affect his work. Picasso described his Blue Period art as, “small and dark, intense and energetic… a sense of humor and mischief that was black and sardonic, nonetheless childish; a sense of braggadocio that moved all manner of fears” (Richardson 210). Some of Picasso’s famous pieces of art in this period are Child with a Dove, The Blue Nude, and The Old Guitarist. By the time this period came to an end, Picasso chose to remain in Paris.
As the Blue Period began coming to an end, a new era of Picasso’s artwork began, known as the Rose Period. Love in his life pulled him out of the dark depression of the Blue Period. The color in his work brightened. Pink and flesh-like colors were common, and portraits of clowns and harlequins were common. Many thought that these figures were ways for Picasso to portray people in his life at the time. For instance, he incorporated his romances into the art. One of the most important relationships at this point was with Fernande Olivier. It was also common in these paintings about his relationships to find an encoded message of some sort to the person related to the image.
A few years after Rose Period, Picasso and another artist named Braque developed the style of art called cubism around 1909. Critics misunderstood it at first, thinking that it was just a way of creating different geometric patterns. However, it actually showed multiple angles of an object on the same drawing to show more of the subject. It was able to break down objects, space, light, shadows, and color. Cubism had abstract elements to the style, which led to rethinking what two-dimensional elements signified (Biography.com; McCully). Some famous examples his cubism are Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, Landscape with Bridge, etc.
Picasso did some other works during and after his cubism era as well. For...