Question 2. Artmaking Practice- ARTISTS FEELINGS AND EXPERIENCE
●Artists may work strongly from their own experience, thoughts, feelings and psychological experience which strongly influences their style, originality and their creative expression. ●Pablo Picasso’s style changed as time progressed and also how he experienced new things. This can be seen in his different art periods during his lifetime; Blue Period (1901-1903) - Original Style; restricted his colour scheme to blue; themes of human alienation. Rose Period (1904-1905) - Also referred to as the ‘Circus Period’; colour scheme lightened - featuring warmer, reddish hues and the thick outlines of the blue period disappeared. Classical Period (1905) and Iberian Period (1906) – Colour scheme lightens – beiges and light brown are used; themes of alienation and melancholy are shown to a reasonable extent. African Period (1907) -
Cubism (1908-1917) -
-Analytical Cubism (1908-1912) - Used geometric shapes to simplify natural outlines of objects and people. -Synthetic Cubism (1912-1917) - Collage; introduced elements from real world to canvases. Construction (1912-1920) - Assemblage in sculpture; he cut various shapes out of sheet metal and wire then reassembled them into cubist construction. He also used wood, cardboard, string, and everyday objects. Classical Period (1920-1925) - Post WWI- attention was on three dimensional forms and on classical themes; bathers, centaurs and women in classical drapery. Moving towards greater realism but still played mind games with the audience. Cubism and Surrealism (1925-1936) - Used tightly structured geometric shapes, limited his colour scheme to primary colours. Guernica (1937) - A mural that Picasso painted after he was commissioned by the Spanish government. ‘Guernica’ was a Spanish town that was bombed by Nazi warplanes. This painting was his response to the event. Colour scheme of this painting is black and white keeping with the seriousness of the subject and transfigured the event according to his fascination with the bullfight theme. World War II (1939-1945) - It revealed anxiety of the war years (eg. Still Like with Steer’s Skull’ 1942) while other paintings were playful and whimsical (eg. ‘Head of a Bull’ 1943) Late Work (1945-1973) - he remained a prolific artist but his emotional life became more complicated. He met French painter Francoise Gilot in the 1940s while he was still with Maar. ●Most of his artworks were inspired by the people he had met, mostly women whom he had interest in; women he married, his affairs, his children and most certainly his feelings towards all of them. Eg. After his divorce with Olga Koklova, many of the female figures in his art were depicted as ‘menacing’. (During ‘Cubism and Surrealism Period’). ●His artworks consisted with the themes of lust and desire. In his artwork ‘Les Demoiselles d’Avvignon’ each of the men in the artwork symbolised aspects of Picasso. The sailor is reference to pure sexual desire, the medical student is seen as someone who takes advantage of his position; he is not there to look at the womens health and see’s them with different eyes. ●He replaced sensual eroticism with a kind of aggressively crude pornography. He uses different references from different artists. Eg. Manet. ●His intensely competitive nature literally forced him to outdo his rivals.
SIGNS AND SYMBOLS
Scene takes place in darkness in open space, possible town square surrounded by burning buildings. Figures within the triangle: fleeing woman, the wounded horse (suffering humanity, originally had small winged horse/soul leaving gash in side), the broken statue of the warrior (classical image perhaps of fallen Spanish republicans). Tip of triangle "eye" of electric light globe (image of sun/eye) and...