Piano: Music Instrument Research

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marian Fan


Music Instrument Research

I will present an in-depth research on piano. There are 5 sections, which came from 10 different websites. History and/or Manufacturers:


http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Piano

The piano is one of the most popular instruments in the world. Widely used in classical and jazz music for solo performances, ensemble use, chamber music and accompaniment. The piano was founded on earlier technological innovations. The first string instruments with struck strings were the hammered dulcimers. The invention of the modern piano is credited to Bartolomeo Cristofori of Padua. He was an expert harpsichord maker, and was well acquainted with the body of knowledge on stringed keyboard instruments. Modern pianos have two basic configurations (with subcategories): the grand piano and the upright piano. In grand pianos, the frame and strings are horizontal, with the strings extending away from the keyboard. The action lies beneath the strings, and uses gravity as its means of return to a state of rest. Upright pianos, also called vertical pianos, are more compact because the frame and strings are vertical. The hammers move horizontally, and return to their resting position via springs, which are susceptible to degradation. Upright pianos with unusually tall frames and long strings are sometimes called upright grand pianos. It is not known exactly when Cristofori first built a piano. An inventory made by his employers, the Medici family, indicates the existence of a piano by the year 1700. The three Cristofori pianos that survive today date from the 1720s. Piano making flourished during the late 18th century in the Viennese school, which included Johann Andreas Stein and the Viennese makers Nannette Streicher (daughter of Stein) and Anton Walter. Viennese-style pianos were built with wood frames, two strings per note, and had leather-covered hammers. Square pianos were built in great...
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