Associate Level Material
Directions: Review Module 26 of Psychology and Your Life. Complete the matrix below and answer the questions that follow.
Cognitive Stage| Age Range| Major Characteristics|
Sensorimotor| Birth thru 2 years| Development of object permanence, development of motor skills, little or no capacity for symbolic representationExample: My nephew puts everything in his mouth before he decides to play with it or throw it, he is 9 months.| Preoperational| 2 thru 7 years| Development of language and symbolic thinking, egocentric thinkingExample: Children learn what to say and how to say it and even push the limits while learning.| Concrete Operational Mastery| 7 thru 12 years| Development of conservation, of concept of reversibilityExample: Becoming more understanding about the world and how it works, yet still having so many things to learn about.| Formal Operational| 12 thru Adulthood| Development of logical and abstract thinkingExample: The most logical and formal thoughts come “late” in life, the better things are worth waiting for.|
1. This is the awareness that objects and people continue to exist, even if they are out of sight.
2. During this stage, motor skills are developed; however, there is little or no capacity for symbolic representation.
3. This is the term for when children view the world from only their perspective.
4. The knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects.
Principle of conservation
5. This term involves the planning, monitoring, and revising of cognitive strategies.