...Major PsychologicalDisordersPsychologicaldisorders affect a personâ€™s everyday life, as well as the lives of the people around them. â€śPsychologist typically define abnormal behavior broadly, considering it to be behavior that causes people to experience distress and prevent them from functioning in their daily livesâ€ť (Feldman, 2009, p.518). In order to diagnose psychologicaldisorders we need to be able to judge what normal and abnormal behavior is. In this essay I will address the topic of psychologicaldisorders by reflecting on; perspectives on abnormality, major psychologicaldisorders, and different approaches to treatment of psychologicaldisorders.
In Understanding Psychology, Feldman reflects on a few definitions for abnormality; Abnormality as deviation from the average, abnormality as deviation from the ideal, and abnormality as a sense of personal discomfort, to name a few. (2009). Abnormality as deviation from average is when we will observe the behavior of others and acknowledge their behavior as a reflection on that culture or society. We observe abnormality when those behaviors are rare in that society. Abnormality as deviation from the ideal is when we consider abnormality as behavior which does not reach universal standards and codes of conduct. Last, abnormality as a sense of...
This paper will examine the psychologicaldisorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and the relationship it has between human development and socialization as well as how human development and socialization affect people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can be described as, â€ś an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).â€ť Essentially, the obsessions are the spontaneous and tedious contemplations, while the compulsions are the actions that result from the disorder. Even though OCD is exhibited as recurrent and persistent thoughts and impulses, would it be just to consider every type of compulsive behavior or obsessive thought as OCD? (Shiraev &Levy, 2010) According to Shiraev & Levy, â€ś Specific repetitive behavior â€“ praying, for example â€“â€“ should be judged in accordance with the norms of the individualâ€™s culture and should clearly interfere with social role functioning to be diagnosed as OCD (DSM-IV, P. 420) â€ś (2010, p. 231). With this in mind a more concrete explanation of the relationship between OCD and human development and socialization.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder...
...Among many psychologicaldisorders, anxiety disorders are the most predominant in the United States. According to Antony (2011), anxiety disorders affect nearly 28.8 percent of the population. An extreme and unrealistic anxiety is the most common symptom that characterizes all the psychological conditions within the category of anxiety disorders. The category includes specific phobia, agoraphobia, social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. This paper examines obsessive-compulsive disorder discussing the major etymological explanations of anxiety disorders in general, specifically describing the condition, and discussing actual treatments for the disorder.
Anxiety played an important role in the psychoanalytic theory, and, as a result, psychoanalytic interpretation is important to understand anxiety disorders. In the psychoanalytic interpretation, anxiety is defined an intense sensation of endangerment and an unconscious mechanism produced by unconscious conflicts. According to Wolman and Stricker (1994), it can be understood as a symptom that is the cause and effect of itself and a product of past experience, psychological mechanisms, and psychic contents like persecutory anxiety...
...Two main categories of treating psychologicaldisorders
Psychotherapyâ€“ is treatment in which a trained professional therapist, uses psychological techniques to help someone overcome psychological difficulties and disorders, resolve problems in living, or bringing about a personal growth. They do this through discussions and interactions with the therapist. Biomedical Therapyâ€“ relies on drugs, medications, and medical procedures to improve psychological functioning.
References: Feldman, R. S. (2010) Psychology and your life Boston: McGraw-Hill
Approaches to treating psychologicaldisorders fall into two main categories: Psychologically based and Biologically based therapies.
Psychodynamic TherapyTherapy that seeks to bring unresolved past conflicts and unacceptable impulses from the unconscious into the conscious, where patients may deal with the problems more effectively.
Types of Psychodynamic Therapy
Psychoanalysis: the goal is to release hidden unconscious thoughts and feelings in order to reduce their power in controlling behavior. Therapists use techniques like free association and dream interpretation. Therapists putâ€™s less emphasis on a patientâ€™s past history and childhood, and focuses more on the patients current relationships and specific complaints.
Behavior TherapyTreatment approaches that...
By Jessica Duffy
What is a physiologicaldisorder?
â€˘ A psychologicaldisorder, also known as a
mental disorder, is a pattern of behavioral or
psychological symptoms that impact multiple
life areas and/or create distress for the person
experiencing these symptoms.
Types of anxiety disorders include:
â€˘ Generalized anxiety disorder
â€˘ Social anxiety disorder
â€˘ Panic disorder
â€˘ Post-traumatic stress disorder
â€˘ Separation anxiety
General anxiety disorder
â€˘ Some anxiety and worry is normal. These
normal amounts of anxiety can actually help
you respond to threats and feel motivated to
get things done. However, excessive worry and
anxiety may indicate an illness known as
generalized anxiety disorder .
General anxiety disorder
â€˘ Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a
prolonged and exaggerated worry that has few
or no specific sources. Individuals suffering
from GAD often describe feeling constantly
worried, anxious, nervous, and uneasy. In
order to be diagnosed, these feelings must be
persistently present for a period of six months
General anxiety disorder
â€˘ more than 6.8 millions American adults suffer from generalized
...Unit 14 Physiologicaldisorders
Task1 P1 and P2
PhysiologicalDisorder | Panic Disorder | Bipolar Disorder |
Cause of Disorder | The causes of panic attacks and panic disorder are not so easy to understand.Normally the tendency to have panic attacks runs in families.This is always connected to the one of the major event of a person in his life graduating from college and entering the workplace, getting married, and having a baby. Severe stress, such as the death of a loved one, divorce, or job loss can also get a panic and this happens due to the unexpected event.Panic attacks can also be caused by medical conditions and other physical causes | There are number different factors act together for the cause of bipolar disorder is widely believed to be the result of chemical imbalances in the brain. If there is an imbalance in the levels of one or more neurotransmitters, it may cause theÂ disorderBipolar disorder is widely believed to be the result of chemical imbalances in the brain. Bipolar disorder is also thought to be linked to family members of a person with the condition have an increased risk of developing it themselves and no single gene is responsible for disorder |
Physiological changes due to Disorder | Panic disorder even though there is no need to...
Parkinsonâ€™s disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects the movement. It develops gradually, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. But while a tremor may be the most well-known sign of Parkinson's disease, the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement.
Parkinsonâ€™s disease become worst as your condition progress over time, at the early stage of the disorder your face may show no expression, the way you walk changes and the most recognisable is your speech it become slurred and soft. The muscles of a person with Parkinson's become weaker and the individual may assume an unusual posture.
Parkinson's disease belongs to a group of conditions called movement disorders. Movement disorders describe a variety of abnormal body movements that have a neurological basis, and include such conditions as cerebral palsy, ataxia, and Tourette syndrome.
A male has a 50% higher risk of developing Parkinson's disease than a female.
In the majority of cases, symptoms start to appear after the age of 50. However, in about 4% to 5% of cases the sufferer is younger than 40 years. When signs and symptoms develop in an individual aged between 21 and 40 years, it is known as Young-onset Parkinson's disease.
Apart from tremor and slow movements, the patient may also have a fixed, inexpressive face - this is because of poorer...
...Chapter 8- PsychologicalDisorders
Neurosis: term used to describe disorders causing personal distress and impairment in functioning, but did not cause a person to lose contact with reality
Psychosis: a serious disturbance that can cause people to lose touch with reality and to suffer from delusions and hallucinations
5 Perspectives on PsychologicalDisorders
Causes: a PD is a symptom of an underlying physical disorder cause by abnormalities in the brain by genetics, heredity or infection
Treatment: diagnose and treat like any other physical disorder. Drugs, electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery
Causes: PD stem from childhood experiences, unresolved unconscious sexual or aggressive conflicts
Treatment: psychoanalysis. Bring repressed material to consciousness
Causes: abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviours are learned or there is a failure to learn appropriate behaviour
Treatment: use classical and operant conditions and modeling to extinguish abnormal behaviours and increase the creation of new ones
Causes: faulty and negative thinking can cause psychologicaldisorders
Treatment: change faulty, irrational and or negative thinking. Beckâ€™s cognitive therapy or ration-emotive therapy
Causes: PD result from blocking of the normal tendency...