Physical Work

Topics: Hawthorne effect, Hawthorne Works, Occupational safety and health Pages: 4 (1280 words) Published: September 4, 2011
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* Physical Work Environment- Influence of Human Performance at Work *
* Webster defines Work Environment simply as: “a place where work is done”. Our workplace is an extension of our service. The physical aspects of a workplace environment can have a direct impact on the productivity, health, comfort safety, concentration, job satisfaction and morale of the people within it. The study of the relationship between people, the equipment they use and the physical environment in which they work is called as Ergonomics. Applying ergonomic principles to the design, modification and maintenance of workplace environments, has a benefit on people’s work performance and short- and long-term health and safety. * When people are working in situations that suit their physical and mental abilities, the correct fit between the person and the work task is accomplished. People are then in the optimum situation for learning, working and achieving, without adverse health consequences, e.g. injury, illness. A nice physical work environment fosters willingness to dedicate effort and abilities, increasing the likelihood of tasks being completed successfully. Many physical work environment requirements are specified in Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations. Environmental factors that may influence the effective performance of both humans and equipment include:Illumination: The level of lighting must be sufficient for workers. Noise: High levels of noise can distract workers from concentrating on the task they are performing. Vibration and motion: High levels of vibration and motion can interfere with human task performance, especially tasks that require fine motor movement. Ventilation, air quality and thermal comfort: have a very important impact on human behaviour. Ventilation and air quality not...
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