Exercises are generally grouped into three types depending on the overall effect they have on the human body: •Flexibility exercises, such as stretching, improve the range of motion of muscles and joints. •Aerobic exercises, such as cycling, swimming, walking, rowing, running, hiking or playing tennis, focus on increasing cardiovascular endurance. •Anaerobic exercises, such as weight training, functional training or sprinting, increase short-term muscle strength. Categories of physical exercise
Sometimes the terms 'dynamic' and 'static' are used. 'Dynamic' exercises such as steady running, tend to produce a lowering of the diastolic blood pressure during exercise, due to the improved blood flow. Conversely, static exercise (such as weight-lifting) can cause the systolic pressure to rise significantly (during the exercise). Benefits
Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness and can contribute positively to maintaining a healthy weight, building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility, promoting physiological well-being, reducing surgical risks, and strengthening the...