Physical Abuse vs. Psychological Abuse
There is a huge minority of people in the United States that does not realize Psychological/Emotional abuse as an actual form of abuse. The majority of people’s minds go right to physical abuse when indeed there are many other forms of abuse just as if not worse. Physical is easy to spot, even if the child does not tell anyone, whereas psychological abuse is not seen by anyone else and is very difficult to diagnose. There are many different resources and definitions of the two and this paper is to show you how similar they are and yet just how different they are. I am also going to explain the different therapies for both and the affects they both have on a child. All states recognize Physical Abuse; however, not all states recognize Psychological Abuse, which studies have shown it can take children a lifetime to recover from. My long term goal is to help children going through or have gone through any types of abuse. The difference that I will hold over all the therapists that I have seen, is that I not only have the book knowledge, but also the real life experience as well, and I strongly believe that is how you connect with abused children.
The DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000) provides diagnostic criteria for child physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect. There are no diagnostic criteria for child emotional abuse, (psychological abuse). I did find a definition in the APSAC, (American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children) on physical abuse. Different definitions have been used to examine the nature and extent of child physical abuse. Their true definition of child physical abuse used in the Third National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-3) (Senlack &BroadHurst, 1996) defined physical abuse as present when a child younger than eighteen years of age has experienced an injury (harm standard) or risk of an injury (endangerment standard) as a result of having been...
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