A Phrase is a group of related words that does not include a subject and predicate.
There are several kind of phrases:
A noun phrase is a group of words with a noun as its headword. Some noun phrases begin with an infinitive (to go) or a gerund (going). Example:
The young man threw the old dog a bone.
An adjective phrase is a phrase with an adjective as its head. An adjective phrase modifies a noun. Occasionally following a noun Example:
The girl with long hair is my sister.
An adverb phrase is a group of words which functions like an adverb. An adverb phrase modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb. It is used to tell when, where, how, or to what extent about the word it modifies. Examples:
Megan put her bird in its cage.
We are expecting him to come next year.
A verb phrase is a group of words with verb as headword
He may be folowing us.
A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition Example:
She arrived by bus.
Clause is a group of words which forms grammatical unit and which contains a subject and finite verb.
There are two kind of clauses: Independent Clause and Dependent Clause
Independent clause is a clause that can stand alone as a sentence. Also known as Simple Sentence. Contains a subject and predicate Examples:I love penguinsI drive a bus Dependent clause is a clause that can’t stand alone as a sentence. Dependent clause must be accompanied with an independent clause.
There are three types of dependent clauses:
Adjective, or relative, clauses modify noun and, in order to make the relationship clear, follow the noun they modify. Examples:Our class, which meets at 9:00 in the morning, discusses the importance and use of grammar in our schools.The girl whom we met on holiday is coming to see us.