Phrasal Verbs

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Contents

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………….......3 Chapter 1 ……………………………………………………………………………………….….…4 An Overview of Phrasal Verbs ……………………………………….……………...…………….…4 Chapter 2 ………………………………………………………………………………………...….12 Practical Aspects of Phrasal Verbs …….…………………………………………….……...………12 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………………………..19 Bibliography ………………………………………………………………………………………...20

Introduction

The present paper suggests a revision of all the theses concerning the domain of complex verbs. The practical aim of the paper is to offer a synthesizing model of the conveyed theories that have been put forward in the specialized literature of complex verbs. Being structured into two chapters, this paper is a study on phrasal verbs whose particular aim is that of producing an accurate description of phrasal verbs seen through their complex perspective of the morphological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic features. The paper aims to find more effective learning conditions for phrasal verbs taking into account the influence of proficiency and the learner’s first language. The semantic properties of phrasal verbs (transparent versus idiomatic phrasal verbs) were also examined. Comprehending the meaning of multiword expressions is essential, yet, it is not only in speaking or productive skills but also in listening or receptive skills. One of the reasons is that there are many layers and kinds of multiword expressions such as idioms, fixed expressions, phrasal verbs, prefabs etc. Amongst them, the present study focuses on phrasal verbs, which are considered a proper feature in English. Even though the importance and the difficulty of learning phrasal verbs are recognized, there is little research on testing the factors that affect learning phrasal verbs so far. Thus, the present study as well aims to investigate the effect of the learning conditions as well as the semantic properties on learning and retaining phrasal verbs. Therefore, Chapter One deals with aspects related to a chronological survey, to a historical rise of the English phrasal verbs and has in view definitions and classifications of phrasal verbs. Further on, Chapter One also points out a complete approach from a morphological, syntactical, semantic, pragmatic and metaphorical point of view. And finally, Chapter Two offers a new perspective on the matter of phrasal verbs dealing with issues like: the description of listen to as a phrasal verb, slang equivalents for the verb to die and the analysis of phrasal verbs that occur in some lyrics. The Bibliography supports the theoretical affirmations.

Chapter 1

An Overview of Phrasal Verbs

The verb-particle construction in Modern English is extremely complex to analyze and describe coherently in synchronic terms, but its origin and diachronic development is even more problematic. To get deeper into the issue, this chapter will deal with aspects related to an evolution of specialized literature, with a historical rise of the English phrasal verb (from the Old English to the present day English), and will also have in view definitions and classifications of phrasal verbs. Along the years, phrasal verbs have been much studied. Thus the earliest study that has been written about phrasal verbs dates from the 16th century, when in 1586 William Bullokar wrote The Brief Grammar for English by J R Turner, The works of William Bullokar, vol. II. Starting with the 17th century, 2 studies have been written, that of Walker Leeds who in 1655 wrote A Treatise of the English Particles. The Scholar Press, London, and that of Guy Miege (1688). The English Grammar, London. In the 18th century, only one study is recorded, that of Michael Mattaire who in 1712 wrote The English Grammar. London. Further on, in the 19th century, Henry Sweet (1892) entitled his study on phrasal verbs A New...
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