Phrasal Verbs

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I. Introduction…………………………………………………………….1 II. Definitions…..………………………………………………………….1 III. Historical background.............................................................................2 IV. Uses of phrasal verbs…………………………………………………...4 1) Types of phrasal verbs……………………………………….....5 2) Type one : verb + preposition (transitive)..………………….....5 3) Type two: verb + particle (transitive)..………………………....6 4) Type three: verb + particle (intransitive)...…………………......6 5) Type four : verb  + particle + preposition (trnsitive)...…..…......7 V. Kinds of phrasal verbs……………………………………………….....7 1) Separable…………………………………………………….....7 2) Non-separable…………………………………...…………......7 VI. Example of phrasal verbs………………………………………………8 VII. Ways of learning phrasal verbs………………………………………...8 VIII. Conclusion…………………………………………………………….10 IX. Works cited……………………………………………………...……11

I. Introduction:
Phrasal verbs are combinations of ordinary verbs and particles. They are a very important part of everyday English. Every learner of English needs a basic understanding of the most common phrasal verbs and also of common nouns and adjectives made from phrasal verbs. Most phrasal verbs are not informal, slang, or improper for educated speech or formal writing. Exactly the opposite is true; most phrasal verbs are acceptable at levels of spoken or written English. In fact, for many of the phrasal verbs, there is no alternative or other way to say it. However, a few phrasal verbs are identified as informal, and it is better not to use them in serious, formal speech or writing. But these informal phrasal verbs are important because they are very common in everyday informal speech and writing. Some phrasal verbs are very easy to understand because their meanings are obvious. But many other phrasal verbs are difficult to understand because they are very idiomatic, which means that there is no way to know what the verb and the particle mean together by knowing what the verb and the particle mean separately. II. Definitions :

Phrasal verbs are idiomatic combinations of a verb and adverb, a verb and preposition, or a verb with both adverb and preposition. They cause difficulties for students of English because of their meaning and grammar; or an English verb complex consisting of a verb and one or more following particles and acting as a complete syntactic and semantic unit form a phrasal verb; or it is a phrase that consists of a verb plus an adverbial or prepositional particle.

III. Historical background:
Since phrasal verbs were not investigated until the late nineteenth to early twentieth century. Although they have been part of the English language for centuries, their history is still a controversial subject. Rolando Bachelor says it is "impossible to write an exhaustive and definitive history of phrasal verbs". The term itself, phrasal verb, was first seen in print in 1925 when Logan Pearsall Smith used it in Words and Idioms; it was supposedly suggested to him by Editor Henry Bradley (Oxford Companion, 772). Phrasal verbs themselves; however, have been around much longer, as can be seen by looking at some Shakespearean and Middle English works. Torne about and goon dour, for example, are both the phrasal verbs that have been found in Middle English language in 1300 and 1388, respectively, and phrasal verbs are common in Shakespeare's works. Even though they were present in literature in the fourteenth century, they weren't considered serious formations until the eighteenth century, when lexicographer Samuel Johnson noted them "with great care" in his Dictionary of the English Language (1755). Olga Fischer believes the emergence of phrasal verbs to be "the most notable new development in Middle English (the form of the English language spoken and written from about the 12th to the beginning of the 16th centuries) involving prepositions (386)...
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