Phobia

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  • Topic: Phobias, Specific phobia, Phobia
  • Pages : 10 (2337 words )
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  • Published : January 16, 2013
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Phobias
A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. There are many specific phobias. Acrophobia is a fear of heights. You may be able to ski the world's tallest mountains but be unable to go above the 5th floor of an office building. Agoraphobia is a fear of public places, and claustrophobia is a fear of closed-in places. If you become anxious and extremely self-conscious in everyday social situations, you could have a social phobia. Other common phobias involve tunnels, highway driving, water, flying, animals and blood. People with phobias try to avoid what they are afraid of. If they cannot, they may experience * Panic and fear

* Rapid heartbeat
* Shortness of breath
* Trembling
* A strong desire to get away
Treatment helps most people with phobias. Options include medicines, therapy or both. The English suffixes -phobia, -phobic, -phobe (of Greek origin: φόβος/φοβία ) occur in technical usage in psychiatry to construct words that describe irrational, disabling fear as a mental disorder (e.g. agoraphobia), in chemistry to describe chemical aversions (e.g. hydrophobic), in biology to describe organisms that dislike certain conditions (e.g. acidophobia), and in medicine to describe hypersensitivity to a stimulus, usually sensory (e.g. photophobia). In common usage they also form words that describe dislike or hatred of a particular thing or subject. The suffix is antonymic to -phil-. For more information on the psychiatric side, including how psychiatry groups phobias such as agoraphobia, social phobia, or simple phobia, see phobia. The following lists include words ending in -phobia, and include fears that have acquired names. In some cases, the naming of phobias has become a word game, of notable example being a 1998 humorous article published by BBC News.[1] In some cases a word ending in -phobia may have an antonym with the suffix -phil-, e.g.Germanophobe / Germanophile. A large number of -phobia lists circulate on the Internet, with words collected from indiscriminate sources, often copying each other. Also, a number of psychiatric websites exist that at the first glance cover a huge number of phobias, but in fact use a standard text to fit any phobia and reuse it for all unusual phobias by merely changing the name. Sometimes it leads to bizarre results, such as suggestions to cure "prostitute phobia".[2] Such practice is known as content spamming and is used to attract search engines.[original research?] -------------------------------------------------

Psychological conditions
In many cases specialists prefer to avoid the suffix -phobia and use more descriptive terms, see, e.g. personality disorders, anxiety disorders, avoidant personality disorder, love-shyness. A
* Ablutophobia – fear of bathing, washing, or cleaning * Achluophobia – fear of darkness
* Acrophobia – fear of heights
* Agoraphobia, Agoraphobia Without History of Panic Disorder – fear of places or events where escape is impossible or when help is unavailable. Fear of open spaces or of being in public places. Fear of leaving a safe place * Agraphobia – fear of sexual abuse

* Agrizoophobia – fear of wild animals
* Agyrophobia –fear of crossing the road
* Aichmophobia – fear of sharp or pointed objects (such as a needle or knife) * Ailurophobia – fear of cats
* Algophobia - fear of pain
* Amychophobia - fear of being scratched.
* Androphobia – fear of men
* Anthophobia – fear of flowers
* Anthropophobia – fear of people or the company of people, a form of social phobia. * Aquaphobia – fear of water. Distinct from Hydrophobia, a scientific property that makes chemicals averse to interaction with water, as well as an archaic name for rabies * Arachnophobia – fear of spiders

* Astraphobia – fear of thunder and lightning
* Atychiphobia – fear of failure
* Autophobia – fear of being alone...
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