Phl458 Week 1

Topics: Mind, Critical thinking, Thought Pages: 2 (536 words) Published: October 10, 2012
Week One Individual Assignment
October 1, 2012

Week One Individual Assignment
Define free will, truth, knowledge, and opinion. Explain how we use them to form thoughts.
"Free will is the capacity to respond in ways that oppose even the strongest influences. Free will is itself a causative factor, and one that can trump all others" (Ruggiero, 2019, p. 37). We all have a choice in any situation, although one's ethics or morals can influence choices, nevertheless the choice to react in one way or another is one's free will.

"Truth is what is so about something, the reality of the matter, as distinguished from what people wish were so, believe to be so, or assert to be so" (Ruggiero, 2019, p. 27) . Truth does not change. Although our belief and knowledge may change about a subject, the truth remains as it was when it was just a belief and not known.

Knowledge is what we know to be true, what we understand as fact about a subject. "We can obtain authentic knowledge in any one of three ways: personal experience, observation, and report from others" (Ruggiero, 2019, p. 30).

Opinions are an intensely personal way to express one's judgment of a particular subject. It is one's own thoughts of what they perceive of the matter and how they interpret a belief or truth.

One uses free will, truth, knowledge, and opinions in the thought process about many things each day. Some as simple as deciding where to eat lunch and other more serious such as the choice of doctor to use for a medical problem. We use them when problem solving, an important characteristic in today's world of technology and knowledge. When one is debating things such as God, discussions can become heated and sometimes are best left alone. However, when debating what seems to be an injustice it is imperative that one...
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