Phineas Gage

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Phineas Gage Paper

Deonte Jones

PSY/360

September 22, 2011
Dr. Darby Settles

Psychology studies the mind, behavior and as well as how those two relate to one another. Psychology is a big subject, because of that it has been broken down and categorized. Cognitive psychology is one that has been categorized; cognitive psychology is studying the mental process, as well as giving an explanation on the reason why we think a certain way or to help diagnose a certain brain disease. Cognitive psychology allows us to understand which side of the brain controls memory or sight, as well as which part of the brain we use the most. Cognitive psychology helps us dissect the brain and discover the areas that control our whole thought process.

We have four parts to our brain, the frontal lobe the occipital lobe, the parietal lobe and the temporal lobe. Each area is in charge of certain duties that we use to survive daily, areas include memory, vision, hearing, touching, as well as being mobile. The temporal lobe controls long term memory, for example if someone who has graduated high school and took a year off before entering college, then after that year has passed and they would have to take a college entry exam. The entry exam consists of the things that was learned in high school, that is when the cerebrum takes action and allow you to use your long term memory to pass that exam. The brain controls our body which allows us to do things to live; cognition is a way to describe how we acquire knowledge. According to Piaget (2000) as the brain would grow, the body would continue to grow, which will allow us to acquire knowledge easier, as a child we are at the concentrate stage which allows forming intelligence, as an adult formal thinking becomes uncommon. The brain can get damaged and thanks to evolving technology, it can be easily repaired by brain surgeons. A popular brain injury is Phineas Gage, who brain was studied by many, even...
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