Philosophy: Vocational Education

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Discuss R.S. Peters criteria for Education and its implications to Technical and Vocational Education at Secondary School level.

Education is a process which involves many dimensions of learning and teaching therefore in this essay, the writer is going to analyse the criterions of education highlighted by R.S. Peters .The writer will look at the Value criterion, The knowledge criterion and the Procedural criterion. The writer will also analyse how these criterions affects the Technical and Vocational Education at Secondary School Level. Definition of Terms

Education, Gwarinda .T. C. The Practice of Teaching 2000: 167, Education is the process of developing someone’s skills and attributes in all aspects that is mentally, technically, physically and socially. This means education is a process of liberating human potentialities leading to self fulfilment In Ethics and Education, Peters asserts that the word “educ” has normative implications. It has a criterion built into it that something worthwhile must be achieved. Criteria, Oxford dictionary defines criteria as a standard in which a judgement or a decision may be based. Professor Peters’ treatment of educational criteria is spread throughout his work. He looked at what is an educational process?, What is an educated person?, What are the aims of education?. He used these questions to come up with a clear analysis of the educational criterion. Peters asserts that an educated person is one whose form of life is exhibited in his conduct, the activities to which he is committed, his judgements and feelings which ought to be desirable. The educators [Teachers and Parents], must take note that the general state of developing the person is moving in desirable lines. It must be remembered that one’s general state, one’s feelings and one’s commitments are considered to be learned. Educators must ensure that what is learned functions adequately in the general context of what ever the pupil has learned, that means it must influence the pupil’s general view of the world and what he does in it. Peters refers to this learning as the developing of cognitive perspective.(Ethics and Education page 45). Indeed if the worthwhile development is to be assured, the learning of new things must have these things. R.S. Peters summarises the definition of an educated person as one who is critical in thought, creative in thought and autonomous, able to stand on their own feet. R.S.Peters’ criteria for pursuing education for its intrinsic values, pursuing some kind of conceptual scheme to organise and develop information, containing a body of information on various topics and transforming that information into some valuable outcome. Peters provides some amplifications for the educated person. Education has to be described as initiation into activities or modes of thoughts and content that is worthwhile. An educated person must have achieved some desirable state of mind. There must be a desirable state in a person involving knowledge and understanding. The educated person must have breadth and depth and must not be narrowly specialised. He must have an all round type of development. This concept is more relevant in technical and vocational education at secondary school level because once a pupil acquires knowledge or a skill, the pupil must not be narrowly specialised but must know all concepts in the working of a process. The pupil must have his/her outlook transformed by what the pupil has leant so that living becomes the quality of life. It is emphasised that the educational development is mental development involving a general introduction into broad classes of experiences and methods of thinking. Initiation is a social process and education gives approval to certain processes which involve the transmission of what is considered by a particular community. Occupation specific education is the education that is provided to Technical and Vocational Secondary schools. It is surely the case...
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