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PHILOSOPHY STUDY NOTES - MEDIEVAL

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PHILOSOPHY STUDY NOTES - MEDIEVAL

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PHILOSOPHY STUDY NOTES
Medieval philosophy 
In the ancient era questions relied on human reason = age of reason   
Questions asked in the middle ages one would consult god 
 What is God ?
Must be omnipotent = all powerful 
Must be omniscient = all knowing 
Must be omnibenevolent = all good 
Eternal = not in space/time 
Infinite = unlimited 
God is transcendent = above all 
 
  
TERMS:
Theism = god is involved and cares 
Monotheism = 1 god < this is the only religion in the middle ages  Polytheism = multiple gods < there were arguments in the middle ages to support this  Atheism = no gods 
Agnosticism = I don't know (suspend judgment) 
Deism = god exists but doesn't care (ant farm analogy we are the ants god is the owner of the ant farm)   
Augustine (354-430 AD) Augustine of Hippo
Up until Augustine, Christianity worked on faith and faith alone because most people were illiterate  Augustine brings reason back into the equation "faith is important but we can use reason to support our faith"  Reason supports faith, Faith supports reason

Augustine 
Mom was a Christian, Dad was a pagan 
Raised by his mother and loved and influenced by Christianity   Women was his weakness, Loved women had several illegitimate children  Was a terrible Christian because he slept around so much 
 
Augustine believed Christianity was riddled with far too many problems !! His thoughts on Christianity:
He originally found the scriptures troublesome
How can God be all good…… and evil still exist?
Manichaeism

In his search for an alternative to Christianity, Augustine turned to a religious sect known as Manichaeism, which promised to join Christ’s “true” teachings with classical wisdom. Augustine encountered Manichaean teaching and remained an adherent for nine years Taught that the world was dominated by 2 co-eternal and opposed entities one benevolent (Ormuzd: “light”)

one malevolent (Ahriman: “darkness”)
not Satan, Satan was once good
These two...

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