In the ancient era questions relied on human reason = age of reason
Questions asked in the middle ages one would consult god
What is God ?
Must be omnipotent = all powerful
Must be omniscient = all knowing
Must be omnibenevolent = all good
Eternal = not in space/time
Infinite = unlimited
God is transcendent = above all
Theism = god is involved and cares
Monotheism = 1 god < this is the only religion in the middle ages
Polytheism = multiple gods < there were arguments in the middle ages to support this
Atheism = no gods
Agnosticism = I don't know (suspend judgment)
Deism = god exists but doesn't care (ant farm analogy we are the ants god is the owner of the ant farm)
Augustine (354-430 AD) Augustine of Hippo
Up until Augustine, Christianity worked on faith and faith alone because most people were illiterate
Augustine brings reason back into the equation "faith is important but we can use reason to support our faith"
Reason supports faith, Faith supports reason
Mom was a Christian, Dad was a pagan
Raised by his mother and loved and influenced by Christianity
Women was his weakness, Loved women had several illegitimate children
Was a terrible Christian because he slept around so much
Augustine believed Christianity was riddled with far too many problems !!
His thoughts on Christianity:
He originally found the scriptures troublesome
How can God be all good…… and evil still exist?
In his search for an alternative to Christianity, Augustine turned to a religious sect known as Manichaeism, which promised to join Christ’s “true” teachings with classical wisdom.
Augustine encountered Manichaean teaching and remained an adherent for nine years
Taught that the world was dominated by 2 co-eternal and opposed entities
one benevolent (Ormuzd: “light”)
one malevolent (Ahriman: “darkness”)
not Satan, Satan was once good... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2013, 10). PHILOSOPHY STUDY NOTES - MEDIEVAL. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 10, 2013, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Philosophy-Study-Notes-Medieval-42796999.html
"PHILOSOPHY STUDY NOTES - MEDIEVAL" StudyMode.com. 10 2013. 2013. 10 2013 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Philosophy-Study-Notes-Medieval-42796999.html>.
- MLA 7
"PHILOSOPHY STUDY NOTES - MEDIEVAL." StudyMode.com. StudyMode.com, 10 2013. Web. 10 2013. <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Philosophy-Study-Notes-Medieval-42796999.html>.
"PHILOSOPHY STUDY NOTES - MEDIEVAL." StudyMode.com. 10, 2013. Accessed 10, 2013. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Philosophy-Study-Notes-Medieval-42796999.html.