Philosophy (Plato and Socrates)

Topics: Plato, Soul, Ontology Pages: 2 (854 words) Published: October 12, 2010
I. Short Answers
1. Plato uses the forms to discuss almost everything. Forms are general concepts that are used to classify different physical concepts. The forms are non physical, mental concepts. Plato utilizes the forms to prove mind-body dualism. The forms are real things, they exist, and are considered to be more real than physical things. It refers to things that are eternal, perfect, unchanging, and universal. The mind is also eternal, not the brain. Forms are concepts or ideas that help categorize objects. The essence of the Forms is concept and this makes it different from physical objects, and for this reason makes it endless. The senses are not the basis of true knowledge, as they are physical, because they are temporary, changing, imperfect, and particular. The Forms are considered by Plato to be more real than physical objects because they are unchanging. 2. Plato uses the Forms to try to show that the soul is eternal. He says that the soul and the body are different things, and the body is just a container for the soul. He even goes further by saying that the soul is trying to get back to its pure state. By these statements Plato is saying that the body is physical, which means that it is only temporary, it changes, and imperfect. On the other hand, the soul is non-physical and therefore is eternal, unchanging, perfect and universal. However, this is insufficient information to base his argument that all souls are the same on. All souls are different because every person is different. If the soul and makes a person and every person is different that means that every soul has its own personality or characteristics. This is shown everyday because know two people are exactly alike, not even twins. Aristotle talks about a similar reason for not following the Forms. Aristotle states that if the Forms are supposed to be perfect and unchanging, how is it possible for one thing to be better than the other. For example, it is like saying that beauty...
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