Philosophy Paper

Topics: Plato, Aristotle, Reason Pages: 4 (1428 words) Published: May 6, 2014
Two philosophers, have one thing in common, philosophy. Plato and Aristotle are two philosophers that have their differences and their similarities. To start off, Plato was the student of Socrates. He had a lot of beliefs that has made him the philosopher he is today. As Plato was Socrates’ student, Aristotle was Plato’s student, so they have a lot in common, and a lot of differences.

Plato is known for his Theories of Forms, which lead to the thought called Platonism. Theories of Forms refer to the belief that the material world around us is only an image of the real world. Plato believes that forms are eternal and changeless. Plato trusts that the abstract objects should be called goodness, beauty, difference and so on. Plato’s also touches about the soul and how that part of our body will never disappear in a sense. It is with us from our birth, and throughout our lives we are lead to a punishment or reward because of the choices we made. Plato believes it is our soul that gives us the insight into our lives. Plato took a lot of Socrates’ works and gave us a different perspective and thoughts on the theories. Plato wrote about justice, courage and wisdom. He also examined poetry and is famous for his work, Republic.

As for Aristotle, he wrote about logic and meaning and reasoning. He also wrote about metaphysics, music, poetry, and theatre. Aristotle was big on epistemology in universals and souls. He would incorporate his philosophical work in using science for reasoning. Aristotle’s intellectual range was from biology, chemistry, ethics, psychology, zoology, politics and government. According to Wikipedia, Aristotle’s views were called Aristotelianism.

According to University of Oregon’s website, the highest form of existence is the life of the rational being, and the function of lower beings is to serve this form of life. Taking that into perspective, Aristotle acknowledged that there are human beings, and also that all living things have...
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