Philosophy on God

Topics: Existence, Ontology, Metaphysics Pages: 7 (2774 words) Published: April 16, 2013
Does God Exist and is He real? To believe in God is to believe that there is a creator and entity in which has control of all things. The questioning of the existence of God has been around since the beginning of time. It has been seen in all cultures around the World. The great philosophers of all time have argued against each other to prove their own theories that there is a God, that there are many gods, and that there is no God. But what philosopher is right, or are any of them right? I will show Jaspers’, Descartes’, Plato’s, Kant’s, and Hume’s arguments for and against the existence of God. In this paper I will argue that God is real and He does exist, and I will counter all arguments against these views.

There are five types of arguments that I will discuss for the existence of God: Ontological, Cosmological, Teleological, Moral, Experience. The first type of argument is an Ontological Argument. The ontological argument says that God is perfect, and it is more perfect to exist than not to exist, therefore God must exist. The second type of argument is the Cosmological argument. The Cosmological argument says that everything that exist has a cause, the universe exists, so something caused the universe, only thing that can explain the cause is God, therefore God must exist. The third argument is the Teleological argument. The Teleological argument, or design argument, says that Human artifacts are the products of intelligent design, the Universe resembles human artifacts, the Universe is more complex than a human artifact, therefore it was intelligently designed and has a purpose, It must have an extremely intelligent designer, therefore God exist. The fourth argument is the Moral argument. The Moral argument says that Morality exist in the human nature, this morality has to be regulated by a moral authority, the only moral authority is God, therefore God exist. The last argument is the Experience argument. The Experience argument says that to experience something it must exist, people experience God, and therefore God must exist. The philosophers that I will argue with and against use many of these arguments to validate their points and some to prove wrong. In Karl Jaspers’ Way to Freedom, Jaspers tries to explain why the philosophies that God exist and the philosophies that God does not exist are both wrong. Jaspers argues that the existence of God can neither be proven nor disproven. Jaspers says that “The reality of God and the immediacy of historical relation to God exclude any universally compelling knowledge of God; therefore what matters is not our knowledge of God but our attitude towards God” (Jaspers 47). We may not be able to prove knowledge of God, but our faith is what matters. Faith equals freedom. Jaspers says, “Instead of the knowledge of God, which is unattainable, we gain through philosophy a Comprehensive consciousness of God” (Jaspers 46). In Rene Descartes’ Meditation Three: Concerning God, That He Exists, Descartes describes and tries to prove his point of view of why he believes in the existence of God. Descartes takes an ontological approach to proving God exists. Descartes has two proofs that God does exist. First, Descartes says there is a God because he has the idea of him. How would we create the idea of God? Getting ideas is thinking. People can only make things such as a table. A table cannot think it is just there for our use. There is not anything that can “think” that can made by a person or thing. People can think therefore God exists. The existence of the idea of God was in all different cultures around the globe before their was intermingling between them. How could all these cultures believe in one thing if it was not real? To have a roof one must say that it would have to have a structure under the roof. Where to have existence there must be God. Also, Descartes says there has to be a cause more perfect than humans to explain their coming into the world. The question of...
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