Philosophy

Topics: Education, Reality, Ontology Pages: 2 (607 words) Published: January 11, 2015
Idealism
Idealism is the metaphysical and epistemological doctrine that ideas or thoughts make up fundamental reality. Essentially, it is any philosophy which argues that the only thing actually knowable is consciousness (or the contents of consciousness), whereas we never can be sure that matter or anything in the outside world really exists. Thus, the only real things are mental entities, not physical things (which exist only in the sense that they are perceived)

Progressivism
Progressivist believes that individuality, progress, and change are fundamental to one's education. Believing that people learn best from what they consider most relevant to their lives, progressivist centers their curricula on the needs, experiences, interests, and abilities of students. Progressivist teachers try making school interesting and useful by planning lessons that provoke curiosity. In a progressivist school, students are actively learning. The students interact with one another and develop social qualities such as cooperation and tolerance for different points of view.

Essentialism
It is an educational philosophy whose adherents believe that children should learn the traditional basic subjects thoroughly and rigorously. In this philosophical school of thought, the aim is to instill students with the "essentials" of academic knowledge, enacting a back-to-basics approach. Essentialism ensures that the accumulated wisdom of our civilization as taught in the traditional academic disciplines is passed on from teacher to student. Such disciplines might include Reading, Writing, Literature, Foreign Languages, History, Mathematics, Science, Art, and Music. Moreover, this traditional approach is meant to train the mind, promote reasoning, and ensure a common culture.

Realism
Realism, at its simplest and most general, is the view that entities of a certain type have an objective reality, a reality that is completely ontologically independent of our conceptual schemes,...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • My Philosophy of Education Essay
  • My Philosophy of Education Essay
  • Nursing Philosophy Essay
  • Essay about Philosophy
  • Educational Philosophy Essay
  • Educational Philosophies Essay
  • Educational Philosophy Research Paper
  • Education and the Role of Philosophy Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free