Philosophical Implications of Cultural Relativism

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Philosophical Implications of Cultural Relativism
Philosophical position of Cultural Relativism is best understood in terms of its epistemological, ethical and logical implications. Philosophical means articulation, argumentation, analysis, and synthesis of the idea, principle or concept. [1] Implication is a relationship between two propositions that holds when both propositions are true and fails when the first is true but the second is false. It is to develop a logical cohesion among arguments for implicit understanding of idea or principle and something else without expressing it directly. “Philosophical implications of cultural relativism”, suggests to put the idea of cultural relativism in clear, concise and readily understandable language, supporting with reasons from other ideas, principles, and observations to establish conclusion and overcome objections. It is to understand the principle of cultural relativism by disintegrating and clarifying its various components like: 1.Research-oriented tool to tackle its opposite attitude of ‘ethnocentrism’. 2.Ethical theory in order to understand other culture in its own perspective. 3.Logical analysis to evaluate the principle for it integrity. 4.Critical role in the 20th century postmodern cultural movement with reference to culture, language and social justice. 5.Positive role in contemporary global politics to bring tolerance, harmony and peace in very complex multicultural world in order to solve disputes among different countries and nations. Finally It is together different ideas related to cultural relativism into a single and unified vision. So the philosophical understanding of the principle of cultural relativism and its implication in relation to various aspects of human being in order to carry out the scientific and systematic study of human being living in society is what my task to perform research work. And this implicit intention is working behind my thesis ‘philosophical implications of cultural relativism’. Let’s start with discussing the principle opposite to cultural relativism to make our idea of cultural relativism clearer and easily understandable. 3.1Ethnocentrism: Binary opposite

Ethnocentrism is conviction of own cultural superiority; it is a belief in the superiority of the social or cultural group that a person belongs to. Word Ethno means people and culture. It is derived from Greek word 'ethnos'. [2] Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture. It is a belief that one's own race or ethnic group is the most important among other groups. Within this ideology, individuals will judge other groups in relation to their own particular ethnic group or culture, especially with concern to language, behavior, customs, and religion. The sociologist William Graham Sumner define ethnocentrism as “that view of thing in which one’s own group is 'the principle' center of everything and all of others are scaled and rated with reference to it”. He also called attention to the fact that one's culture can limit one's perceptions.

Nazism in Germany is a very prominent example of ethnocentrism. Hitler considered his Nazism best among all other culture and wanted to dominate over other cultures and nations. It is a belief that our society is “progressive”, while the non-western world is “backward”; our art is beautiful, our religion true, whereas ‘others’ art is not up to the mark and their religion are false. Ethnocentrism is a universal human reaction, found in all known societies, in all groups, and practically in all individuals. It reinforces nationalism and patriotism. It also acts to discourage change.

There are three levels of ethnocentrism: a positive one, a negative one, and an extreme negative one: The positive definition defines ethnocentrism as "the point of view that one's own way of life is to be preferred to all others". [3] There is nothing wrong with such feelings,...
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