PHILOSOPHERS AND THEIR PHILOSOPHY

Topics: Plato, Knowledge, Philosophy Pages: 1 (768 words) Published: January 14, 2015
Thales (6th Century B.C.)
“Everything was moist”
“Composition of the world was water”
“Primary composition of everything was water”
Anaximander
“Primary element was indeterminate”
“Material cause”
“Infinite, eternal ageless, the source of all the worlds” “Man was born from animals from other species, for while other animals quickly find nourishment for themselves, man alone needs a lengthy period of suckling, so that had he been originally as he is now, he could never have survived” Anaximenes

“Living things cannot live without air”
Socrates (470-399 B.C.)
“Man’s body coms from this world of matter, but his reason comes from the Universal Reason or Mind of the World” “Value of the soul, in the sense of thinking and willing subject, and he saw clearly the importance of knowledge, of true wisdom, if the soul is to be properly tended” “Knowledge leads the way to ethical action”

“Knowledge and virtue are one, in the sense that the wise man, he who knows what is right, will also do what is right” Plato ( 428/7-348 B.C.)
“Knowledge is not sense-perception, not what simply appears to me” “Virtue is knowledge, and the source pf knowledge is virtue. It is not abstract, but concrete knowledge, not theoretical but practical knowledge. A man must know what is good so that he may do good.” “Virtue can be taught, and there are 4 cardinal virtues: wisdom, courage or fortitude, temperance and justice” “Man as a knower and as possessor of an immortal soul”

Aristotle (348-322 B.C.)
“Man is not the center of the universe. Man is only a part of it; it is the cosmos that is that focal point” “Knowledge comes from senses and can be true in itself”
“Reality consisits of matter and form, and matter is continuous process of developing or becoming” “First cause, source of all change, but is unchangeable itself. This for me, is God” “Goal of human life is happiness. To reach this is moderation or the avoidance of extremes” “Logic would enable man to perceive that the ideal...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Philosophy
  • Essay on Philosophy
  • Philosophy Essay
  • Philosophy Essay
  • Essay about Philosophy
  • philosophy Essay
  • Introduction to Philosophy Essay
  • philosophy essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free