What makes the population explosion a problem? This splurge of growth alerts politicians and economists because of the reason that human beings need resources in order to survive. Since there are limited resources, there would come a point wherein there would be no more resources to sustain life. The Philippines is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with an estimated 99,900,177 number of inhabitants as of July 2010. The government is concerned about the huge number of inhabitants in the country, which can cause widespread food shortages, and outbreak of diseases thus suggesting the use of contraceptives for family planning. The Church says that the problem is not overpopulation but there is a problem in redistribution of wealth, the church is against the use of such things (contraceptives), and only advocates the natural way of family planning. This paper will talk about the leading causes and effects of overpopulation, and the role of the church and the government in resolving this problem.
II. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TOPIC
The Philippine’s problem with population must be one of the top concerns of the nation. This paper aims to make the people aware of the devastating effects that overpopulation brings and to urge the people, together with the government and the church, to act in solving overpopulation. Overpopulation in the Philippines can be caused by an increase in birth rates and with it a decline in death rates because of advances in medicine, and it can also be cause by the lack of education among people. And the effects of overpopulation are countless; some are poverty, food crisis, unemployment, health problems, and environmental degradation.
One fundamental cause of overpopulation is the decline in death rate. Due to the inventions and advancements in medicine man has found cure to once fatal diseases. These advances, better nutrition and improved health care, lead to longer life expectancies for the Filipino people. Improvements in medicine have helped us combat many illnesses and prevent death but it also brought with it the problem of overpopulation. Also, because of the advancements in medicine has also increased the birth rate, because of the discoveries of mankind, better nutrition and medicine which induces conception are now available to people, thus leading to higher fertility rate of human beings. There is no doubt that these advances are great achievements and it is something to be proud of but it has also become a cause of overpopulation.
Lack of education is another main cause of overpopulation. There are people who do not understand the need to control the growth of the population. They are unaware of the implications and effects of overpopulation. Due to their ignorance, they do not use family planning thus contributing to overpopulation. People in rural areas, parents usually have more children compared to middle-class or well-off families believing that the more children they have, the more people there are to take care of them when they are old and when they are not able to take care of themselves. Illiteracy can lead to unemployment, and those who are unemployed have nothing better to do than stay at home and procreate, this would account for the high population in least developed areas. These are some of the reasons why the Philippines is the 12th most populated country in the world.
Table 1: The World’s 15 Most-Populated Countries.
The effects of overpopulation are ghastly for the country. Poverty is one of them; poverty is the state of being extremely poor. An estimated 32.9% of the population is living below the poverty line; this means that over thirty-three million Filipinos are experiencing poor living conditions. Studies show that rural areas...